What is the Bologna process?

What is the Bologna process? "We all learned a little something and somehow". Agreeing with the Classics, we can say that any change in the education system apply to all.

Now those who were involved in high school (including people like me, students), on hearing the phrase "Bologna process".

But if high school teacher has an idea of what it is, the majority of students and applicants remain in blissful ignorance. But the changes which bears the signature of the Bologna agreement very soon may become our problem.

Show some interest in the Bologna process, I found out that his start has been made in 1999, when the education ministers of 29 European states signed the so-called Bologna Declaration. The purpose of this motion is begun reforming the national education system in accordance with certain common international standards until 2010.

Russia formally joined the Bologna process in 2003. The main initiator of this was the St. Petersburg University. Some Russian universities are beginning to realize the principles of the Bologna Declaration. Among them - Higher School of Economics, Moscow State Institute of Steel and Alloys (Technological University), Moscow State University, Russian Peoples' Friendship University, Bauman. Bauman, St. Petersburg State University ITMO, Nizhni Novgorod State University, Tomsk State University.

While joining the Bologna process more profitable major universities in Moscow and St. Petersburg, in the long term means the inclusion of all higher education institutions, including provincial.

One of the most interesting for the students of the requirements of the Bologna Declaration - the introduction of the international diploma supplement. This program will provide graduates the recognition of diplomas in any of the countries of the Bologna process, which means the prospect of further studies or get jobs in any of these countries (today there are over 40).

And teachers and students attracted by an indicator such as improving the academic and professional mobility. The main objective of this mobility - to give students the opportunity to get a broad education in the selected field training, provide access to education and educational services. Teachers also rely on the recognition and confirmation of work time spent in European countries for research, teaching and training.
Calling Card operation of the Bologna process in Russia is becoming a two-tier system structure of higher education: Bachelor (in different systems - from 3 to 4 years) and Master (1-2 years).

Undergraduate focus on is to give the graduate a relatively broad training and teach him to replenish, update knowledge and skills, in short, learn to learn. Graduate suggests a more narrow and deep specialization, focus on research and teaching work. And already offers bachelor completed higher education. Expected to graduate with a bachelor's degree may apply for posts for which a completed higher education.

The Bologna process also provides for informatization of education, development of distance learning technologies.