What should I look for when observing the sky?



What should I look for when observing the sky? The planets, stars, comets, meteors - all this beckons us, makes for an instant distracted from the hustle sublunary world. Any of you can touch to astronomy and in some ways become an astronomer, but an amateur astronomer. If you are interested in the secrets of the sky over your head and you have 1,111,112. opportunity to watch [/url] astronomical objects and phenomena in binoculars or a small telescope, then this article should be very useful.

If a pair of binoculars or a telescope you do not, some things are told by me may also be interesting and applicable to the naked eye. This article will explain about the flashes of light, temperature changes, the navigation in the starry sky, etc.

Highlights, or when the light is worse than the darkness
When we see the starry sky, our eyes should not see the very bright star. To eyes adapted to dim light, you need a certain time. Therefore, once you're out of light room and started to watch the stars, you need to wait until the pupil is enlarged and can pass more light. Initially will be seen only the brightest light, but in the process of adjusting you begin to distinguish and more dull. Within 10-15 minutes the picture of the sky will appear much brighter and fuller, but after half an hour in total darkness in the sky can be seen and misty band of the Milky Way, to distinguish the stars in the diffuse 1,111,114. Pleiades cluster [/url] and much more.

 What should I look for when observing the sky? Огни большого города мешают разглядывать небо. Но тут возникают следующие проблемы. Во-первых, многие из нас наблюдают звезды из города, где полной темноты не наступает. Это может лишить энтузиазма многих начинающих любителей астрономии. Решить подобную проблему можно, переместив наблюдения за город (например, на дачу) или же ориентируясь на объекты, которые и так достаточно ярки, и засветка не мешает их рассматривать. Например, Луна, Марс , Jupiter Saturn, Venus is clearly visible from the city, despite the bright light streets.

Secondly, in pitch darkness to conduct surveillance is also problematic - difficult to configure the device, it is impossible to look at the star charts. Some observers say that in such cases sometimes lacks the stellar light, but we do not advise the reader to break the eyes in the darkness, but will offer a well-proven method.

As is known, red light does not cause pupil constriction and not blinded in the dark. The easiest source of this light is a flashlight, closed red cloth, or even thick red paper. This will calmly consider the star charts, configure the device and does not stumble in the darkness horrible.

Variations in temperature, or cold-cold Oh ...
Imagine the picture - you decide to watch a beautiful full moon and went in a fairly cold night on the street. Yourselves warmly dressed and did not freeze to death, but due to the temperature drop on optics binoculars or a telescope will condense moisture. The first thing you'll see in such a device - a murky picture of the moon without any details and details. Of course, anyone is not satisfied! You can quickly wipe the device, but thus easily Bookmark on optics dust, which then would interfere with monitoring.

It is better to place the device in advance to a colder place, then to no interference to consider interesting for you objects. For example, put the binoculars on the balcony and open the windows. He'll calmly wait a bit, and then, when you want, you can come and watch at your pleasure. However, this method is better not to use the summer evenings, when the dew settles. If you still need to observe in such circumstances, it is possible to leave the appliance, but close optics tires, which it usually is completed. Although housing and will be humid, but she optics remain normal.

Opened an abyss, full of stars
Usually, a newcomer can be difficult to navigate in the starry sky. A lot of stars seems endless and chaotic. In fact, the naked eye, people will see only about five thousand stars. And the brightest light, a conventionally accepted patterns - constellations, which are fairly easy to remember.

 What should I look for when observing the sky? Карта из календаря. Тут правда возникает сложность – во-первых, Земля rotates on its axis, and secondly, around the Sun. Consequently, the location of stars and constellations in the sky will be different at different times, months, etc. .. Do not worry - there are astronomical calendars, which are marked all the features of the sky at any given period, as well as the most important events: the location of the planets and much more.

For beginners, I recommend "School Nautical Almanac, which has maps of the starry sky and the description of events for each month. His release each academic year. And let the word "school" you are not discouraged - for the amateur entry level it is quite sufficient. Also, a huge number of astronomical calendars of different levels available on the Internet - to find them very easily using any search engine.

A special class are the so-called virtual planetarium - computer programs that allow you to create picture of the sky at the right time, from the right place and with the correct settings: Red Shift, Celestia, Starry Night. In some ways, they sometimes show a lot more things than the real starry sky, but still "live" observations are unlikely to be replaced. With virtual planetarium, you can learn to focus on the starry sky, to find the right constellation, plan monitoring and to obtain information about phenomena of interest.

Can you tell me how long?
Time for a professional astronomer is a critical factor, without which there can be no observation and study. An urgency to this factor and for the fans. Very often you need to know how much will a certain astronomical events, as well as to mark the time at which you make observations.

Observations with fixed time more valuable, and you yourself will be more interesting if everything is done "for science. Who knows how fate emerged: suddenly you'll notice some new phenomenon, discover a comet or something else - because such cases are common among amateur astronomers. So, before you watch, you must synchronize their watches with the exact time of service. If the clock is slow or run ahead, it should not immediately reconfigure them - you can just fix the clock correction in seconds, and then take it into account.

Many will know - soon ...
Amateur does not have to know all the mathematical calculations of professional astronomy in order to consider the starry sky, but some things he still has a good understanding. Without these observations are somewhat empty and mindless.

 What should I look for when observing the sky? Так выглядит Юпитер. Начинающий астроном-любитель должен иметь некоторые представления о возникновении Вселенной , Its history of development of the solar system as a whole, about 11,111,128. Sun [/url] , Planets, satellites and other objects, nebulae, galaxies, star clusters and, of course, about the stars themselves. In this age of information technology can read it all on the Internet, spending not much time.

But how much more interesting is watching! Looking at the pale disc of Jupiter, you understand that this is a huge planet has a radius of about seventy thousand miles (!), Consisting of gases with hard core in the center. Studying the Milky Way, you know, it's not just smoke in the sky and our galaxy, our Great Motherland, which, in addition to the Sun, there are billions of stars.

 
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