Why could not foresee fiction? Underwater robots ...

Why could not foresee fiction? Underwater robots ... Steel Ichthyander

One can only wonder, how shortsighted is sometimes fantastic. Well, let Jules Verne and Captain Nemo is not supplied with iron servants have not received yet their time. But in the early twentieth century, Karel Capek invented the word "robot", and colorfully painted war with reasonable underwater inhabitants - salamanders. Around the same time, Alexander Belyaev created man-amphibian.

But none of the science fiction writers have thought to combine these ideas and run the robot under water. No known "robotics" Isaac Asimov or Arthur C. Clarke, who wrote about diving, and the robots. Even Ivan Efremov in his fairy "Andromeda" robot scout, landed in the ocean, was helpless, sank into the abyss without a trace.

Only at the end of the 50th appeared the first description of automatic underwater laboratories, autonomous reconnaissance and torpedo running after their own purpose. Even a little bit, and underwater robots would be created earlier than described in fiction.

  First successes 1,111,117.

In 1986, the sinking of the Soviet nuclear submarine K-219. It was necessary to examine, if not destroyed reactor. Depth of crazy, over five kilometers. No divers or submarines at a depth of fall can not. Is that the submersible. But still, deep dangerous. Why risk people if the case can handle a robot?

One of the first underwater robots - automated underwater vehicle series of L-2 - did not disappoint. He only was able to fulfill its mission - to find and carefully examine the wreck.

Three years later, it is this device found and examined by an atomic missile submarine "Komsomolets" sank in the Norwegian Sea at a depth of one thousand five hundred meters. Intelligent machine could behave, in accordance with specific circumstances, such as yourself to avoid obstacles. The resulting information unit is continuously transmitted to the surface for hydroacoustic channel.

Time passed, and now distant descendants of this device, developed in the same institute, became so autonomous that almost do not need human intervention in their activities.

Judge for yourself: swimming in the ocean depths, the robot itself rises to the surface and he renews the energy in batteries, putting out solar panels. At the same time, he "merges" extracted information to a satellite, at the same time specifying their coordinates. And once again goes deep.

 [b] Boats-bespilotki

Rescue work - on an episodic work for intelligent machines. Not every day, sink ships. But there is a robot and a permanent job. So what do they have in the realm of Poseidon? First, as already mentioned, thrust his iron nose to where the man is no progress.

How, for example, people can explore the underwater volcano eruption begins, if the surface has not noticeably? While the scene of action suitable research vessel, the eruption may die out. Yes, and ride over the volcano, located at a depth of many kilometers is not always possible. Underwater same sleuth continuously cruising over oceanic ridges themselves are moving in the direction of increasing temperature and turbidity of the water, continuously selecting samples and analyzes them, photographing the changing topography.

But this is a special case. The tasks of robots is much wider. Continuous monitoring of temperature, salinity and water pollution, the study of underwater currents, calculation of the biomass of the population of the ocean, and many other tasks. Robots are much easier to oceanographic research, mineral exploration, the problem of seismic protection, navigation of ships.