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Why is the inventor of the computer mouse did not become a billionaire?



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 Why is the inventor of the computer mouse did not become a billionaire? All of us PC users, we use a computer mouse. And if it is functioning properly, do not even notice her presence. But if it does not work, feel like no hands (or rather, no mouse!).

Mouse firmly entered into the computer folklore. For example, when they want to emphasize easily perform (or delegate) of work, said: "With this handle even a computer mouse!" Or "This is done in two clicks of mouse."

Mice literally sweep the world. How many were produced computer mice for 40 years - say it is impossible (only one firm Logitech produces more than 50 million mice a year!).

  Silicon Valley gave birth to a mouse, and who was the father of a computer mouse
Some computer Legend has it that a mouse created in the laboratory of Xerox, others - that the mouse was established at the request of Apple. In fact, computer mouse, it is индикатор позиций x и y, она же компьютерный манипулятор, она же манипулятор типа мышь, «родилась» в 1964 г. Ее изобрел Дуглас Карл Энгельбарт (Douglas Carl Engelbart; genus. January 30, 1925) from Stanford Research Institute (btw, have you thought about why almost all digital inventions and discoveries come from Silicon Valley, )?
"Procurement" in the mouse was not - she appeared as one of the byproducts in the development of Engelbart operating system oN-Line System (NLS). While working on the NLS introduced the concept of "windows" interface, and the mouse was established as one of the possible manipulators to work with windows. In fact, the idea of such a robot was introduced in 1963, and in 1964 was made the first working prototype (in one interview Engelbart said that the first thought of creating such a device came from him in 1951!).

The first computer mouse was a wooden (!) Box of handmade, inside which there were two perpendicular wheel and a button. When moving the mouse wheel rolled across the table and lets you know the direction and magnitude of movement of the device. These data were converted to move the cursor on the screen.

December 9, 1968 the first public demonstration of NLS and, with it, the prototype mouse. And in 1970 Engelbart received a patent for "indicator x and y coordinates for display system.

Engelbart worked to develop the robot arm is not alone: he is "only" invented the mouse, and embodied his idea to life graduate student Bill Inglish (Bill English; in the world there are many Bill-inglishey ", but trail of the lost, his biographical details are scarce and fragmentary. C one of the few pictures Билла Инглиша можно ознакомиться на «мышином сайте» виртуального музея Стэнфорда). Позднее Джеф Ралифсон (Jeff Rulifson now head of VLSI Research Group at Sun Microsystems Laboratories) significantly improved the design of the mouse and developed the software for the ("wood").

In the archives of the virtual museum of Stanford University filed учебный фильм 1968 г., в котором демонстрируется первая компьютерная мышь и ее – потрясающие для того времени! – возможности. Здесь выложено 35 видеоклипов, один devoted to the mouse.

 Why is the inventor of the computer mouse did not become a billionaire?
  As the mouse has won the computer world

The next "Mouse move" was made in 1972 in the research center Xerox PARC in Palo Alto (again Silicon Valley is "). An advanced version of the mouse for Xerox was founded Bill Inglish, a convert to PARC from the laboratory Engelbart: two big wheels have been replaced by a single ball, movement of which were recorded by means of two rollers inside the mouse. Design Corps has become more closely resembled a modern mouse.

Prior to the 80-ies of XX century. mouse was still an exotic device. In 1983 there were about 10 companies producing and selling various models of computer mice. Some of these companies was founded by former employees of the laboratory Engelbart, or PARC.

By the way, the mouse in those days was worth a price. For example, the mouse company The Mouse House, based on the design and patent Xerox, cost about $ 400 (plus about $ 300 for an interface card connects to a mouse). This is due to the fact that the mouse had a difficult (and not very reliable!) A mechanical device.

In short, a mouse, though was "officially recognized" peripheral, but still remains the lot of researchers and developers of new computer technologies, but not ordinary users!

In 1979, Apple developed the Macintosh computer and Lisa. It was decided to equip them with mice, and Steve Jobs has ordered the creation of the mouse - unpretentious, reliable, at a cost of about $ 20-30 - design company Hovey-Kelley Design. As a result, the mouse has been significantly refined: instead of a small steel bearings in a complex mechanical suspension had a large rubber ball, rolling around freely in the body. The system of wheels and unreliable electrical contacts replaced photoelectric converters and wheels with slotted grooves. Furthermore, it was decided to use a cast-plastic body in which all the necessary details clearly fixed on their places. Thus, one could abandon the precision machining and manual assembly building - now the mouse can collect any worker on the assembly line!

We can say that the computer mouse has gained popularity thanks to computers Apple Macintosh, - and she, in turn, became one of the reasons for the stunning success of the Macintosh computer in 1984!

Successful launch in August 1995 Windows 95 (marking the start of the victorious march across the planet from Microsoft and its "child"!) Is also in no small measure to prosper mouse Engelbart.

By the way, Microsoft has introduced mouse support in IBM PC back in 1983, but later (Billy, as always a little late, but time recalls !..), than Apple, drew attention to the possibility of the mouse when working with "windows" systems.

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  You hear tailed beast?
I know the truth behind! ..


About the title of the mouse also go one click legend - that its proposed name, for example, "beetle". This is a legend and nothing more: in all the interviews - on the question of the title - Engelbart invariably replied: "I do not know why we call it a mouse. The name caught on immediately, and we never changed it. "

 [b] As the computer world has thanked the inventor for his invention of 11,111,133.
In 1968 Engelbart received for his invention of a check for $ 10,000 and all fees, introduced as the first deposit for a modest suburban house ...
1 December 2000 Engelbart - for all his inventions, including the invention of the computer mouse - was awarded the National Medal of Technology (The National Medal of Technology) - one of the highest awards of U.S. scientists for achievements in IT-sphere.

Now Douglas Engelbart could be richer and the famous Bill Gates, but - unlike the last one! - It is not the American way is modest: deliberately "left in the shade, and few remember it.

Of course, about the inventor of the computer mouse can not say that he is poor as a church mouse, but millions/billions on his invention, he - alas! - Not working! ..

 
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