What is the Turing test, or will there ever be awarded the prize Lebner?

What is the Turing test, or will there ever be awarded the prize Lebner? Competition for the prize Lebner (Loebner prize) - is an annual competition held among the "systems of artificial intelligence, capable of simulating a reasonable dialogue". The competition consists of passing the Turing test.

The competition was established in 1990 by American entrepreneur Hugh Lebner (Hugh Loebner). He made a promise to pay 100,000 dollars and awarded a medal of pure gold, the first programmer, who wrote a program that can pass for a human companion. Sponsor of the event also serves Crown Industries, Inc.

  How is the competition 1,111,117.
Judge (man!), Working with two computers, ask questions and get answers. One of the computers respond to questions with the help of artificial intelligence (computer program), and the other person sends replies. Based on responses to the judge must decide which of the computers controlled by a computer program, but some - man. If the judge can not determine which of its virtual interlocutors program, and what - people, then the program is passed the test. Typically, communication is text messaging.

 [b] Prizes 1,111,117.
 Award of $ 2000 awarded each year the program has shown the best results among the remaining participants.
The prize of 100000 dollars will be awarded to the first program, which the judge can not distinguish from a person under the exchange of textual, visual and audio information (to be awarded only once, after which the competition for the prize Lebner will be closed).
 [b] What is the Turing Test

Turing test (Turing Test) - test proposed by British mathematician Alan Turing (Alan Mathison Turing; 1912-1954) in 1950 in his article "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" ( Computing Machinery and Intelligence ) To check whether Computer reasonable (in human understanding). Turing proposed a test to a computer differently formulated the question "Can machines think?»/«Can machines think?» (It is assumed that if a computer can think, you will be able to speak).

The test should be conducted as follows. The judge (a person) can be rewritten in a natural language with two companions, one of which - a man, the other - the computer. If the judge can not reliably determine who is who, it is believed that the computer passed the test. It is assumed that each of the interlocutors sought to man recognized him. To make the test simple and versatile, the correspondence is reduced to text messaging.

Correspondence should be carried out through controlled intervals of time that a judge could not make conclusions based on the speed of responses (at the time of Turing machines reacted slower man. Now it is generally necessary, because they react much more quickly than people!).

Turing predicted that computers would eventually pass his test. He believed that by 2000 computer with RAM of 1 billion bits (119.2 MB) during the 5-minute test will be able to fool the judges in 30% of cases. This prediction has not come true.