Who is alexithymia? On the unexplained tears in our body

Who is alexithymia? On the unexplained tears in our body Admit it, anybody can run with or even after long deliberation accurately and succinctly describe the smell of hay, as the dawn rises, the noise wave? Probably even the masters of words is not always possible to quickly find apt word to describe his perception experienced difficult feelings and emotions!

What else can be said about those who are, for example, at the doctor, where you have to briefly tell you about my delicate condition, but the excitement and pressure jumps right words are forgotten? It is not always possible to quickly and accurately describe what's going on in the soul and body. If you have it is not very easy, not very fast, not very accurate - do not worry: alexithimic traits often seen in many people.

So what is alexithymia ? This term, meaning the absence of words to describe feelings (in Greek), was applied psychologist with 70 years of the last century. For the first time this term is applied P. Sifneos, who, observing patients with psychosomatic disorders, he noticed that most of these patients, or just can not describe my emotions, or make it long-winded, but not exactly.

 Alexithymia - this is not a disease, this term is denoted by characteristic symptoms, namely: poverty of imagination, the inability to accurately describe the person's own feelings (or difficulties with), to determine the difference between feelings and bodily sensations, to understand the emotional experiences of another person . These personality traits do not depend on intelligence and can occur equally, or one of them may prevail.

According to various studies, the number aleksitimikov is from 5 to 23% of the population. Such variation in results due to the fact that some investigators considered to be in this category, only people with autistic disorders, those who have expressed a totally alexithymia, others - all who have at least some 1,111,116. alexithimic features [/url] .

Alexithymia mentally normal people does not mean insensitivity. They just have difficulty with verbal description of his emotions and feelings. Lack of external manifestations of emotional reactions in aleksitimikov results in bodily and autonomic responses, ie, sensations and feelings are always conscious, but they are suppressed and, having no outlet, are transformed into internal organs in painful phenomena, thus causing 1,111,118. psychosomatic illness 11,111,129. . As for people with autistic disorders access intellect to the senses can be completely shut down, sometimes so much so that some of them perceive the verbs "think" and "feel" as synonyms.
Experimental studies have explained the nature of the difficulty of access to awareness of feelings and verbal description of sensations mostly 11,111,126. 3 reasons 11,111,127. .

First - suppression of impulses from the limbic system, responsible for emotions, to the cerebral cortex 11,111,117. .
Second - [i] violation of the interaction between the right and left hemisphere, which resulted in the left hemisphere does not recognize the signals of emotional feelings that arise in the right hemisphere.
The third reason - developmental defects of the brain transmitted genetically.

Alexithymia manifestations are often caused by 11,111,126. increased personal anxiety. [/b] Being strongly influenced by emotions, aleksitimiki operate, especially in critical situations, impulsively, not in a position to assess and monitor the emotions mind losing the ability to analyze and critique. This further complicates the awareness and the ability to describe their own emotions and understand the emotions of another person, to determine the difference between sensations and feelings.

 In addition to increased personal anxiety, alexithymia contributed 11,111,126. particular perception of the world. [/b] Most aleksitimikov tend to perceive the world through the senses, they are less well developed visual and auditory systems, and if developed, the negative emotions are fixed precisely in sensations and not understood.

It is zastrevaemost on the negative feelings contributes to somatization of anxiety, that is, the transformation of internal anxiety physical ailments (psychosomatic and autoimmune diseases, malignant neoplasms and other diseases). It is noticed that people with Alexithymia traits are more likely to dependencies (alcohol, drugs, gaming, food, etc.). In close coordination with psychosomatic illnesses, increased anxiety and alexithymia latter can be both a cause and consequence. In addition, the observations of researchers, people with problems Alexithymia epididymitis.

Allocate Primary and secondary alexithymia. Primary alexithymia is explained by defects in brain development in utero development, the effects of birth trauma, obstetric complications, and is manifested in early childhood. Secondary alexithymia develops as a result psychotrauma, but most often on the background light of neurological disorders or minimal brain dysfunction. It may be a manifestation of latent depression, increased anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder.

The development of secondary alexithymia determining influences improper upbringing (Rejecting, inconsistent, hyper, gipoopeka).