Who is harder: blind from birth or late blind people?

Who is harder: blind from birth or late blind people? A few years ago in a hospital ward of one of the ophthalmologic centers I heard such a dialogue.
 "You just think, you've always been blind, you just do not know what a sight, but I only recently gone blind!", - Said a woman of fifty, who lost eyesight due to diabetes.
 "Yeah, no good, you are almost all his adult life had the good fortune to see this world, and I - no!", - Said the girl of twenty.

 "So what! Yes, I wish I had never seen, I would have used, adapted, and so ... and work lost, and her husband left, and I began to grow stupid right before our eyes! "- Replied the woman.
 "Oh, and I as a child because of blindness has been deprived of communication, not running in the yard, not looking cartoons with the other boys did not go to the circus" - said the girl.

They discussed at length companion then, each trying to prove his case, though, it is clear that both of them in its own right, or both are wrong. Who is heavier, who is in a "win-win" situation - a man born blind or lost his sight in conscious age?

In order not to tire the reader in vain hopes on the only correct answer, just say that about any "quick win" situation, nor about any notion of "better", "worse" can not be discussed. The two companions from the above dialogue heavy, but in both cases there is, as it may sound cruel, benefits.

1.When people lose their sight in conscious age, for it is a serious psychological trauma, and, rather than later it happens (I'm not talking about very old age), the injury worse. It is especially difficult to survive the loss of youth and maturity. Suppose a person learns or works, takes a certain social position in society, and suddenly ... blow! Blindness! Or perhaps not blow, and the gradual deterioration of vision. In the latter case, the loss to move a little easier, a man understands accustomed, adapted to new conditions. Most often, the man who has lost sight, shunned by some people who previously considered friends, he fired from his job, sometimes from it refuse to even intimates (spouse (s), less often - parents). Blind turns as it were in a social vacuum but in the information, too.

2. A man who lost his sight, remain important "visual reflexes": it is easier to be able to walk with a cane, because some, if not exactly remember the plan area, in which it lives; intact visual picture of the world (cities, districts, objects).

3.Pozdno blinded man much harder to find work again on his skills. Such people often settle for SPC (Specialist companies), to work, requiring no special knowledge (manufacturing switches, boxes, furniture). Judge for yourself, how would feel, for example, an engineer who is forced, left "without eyes", to collect switches?

4.Razumeetsya have such a man, if he has not reached a certain age, it remains possible to get an education that will enable him to find employment more lucrative and highly skilled. (My argument does not show disrespect to the people working in the NPRM).

According to the man born blind, would be true of all of the above, only, of course, with the opposite sign.

1.Takoy people just do not know, can not imagine what it means to "see". I do not mean ignorance, denseness, I'm talking about vision, as a feeling of power. So, people can not adapt to the absence of what he never had. But there is another problem. Blind from birth, must adapt to "seeing" environment, especially after a long stay in a special orphanage for blind and visually impaired children.

2. A graduate of this orphanage is just chooses a profession where he could count on the success, of competence in the absence of vision. The work he too will seek a proper.

3. Born blind or lost his sight in early childhood is much more difficult to learn "seeing" behavior and "seeing" model of the world: the routes on the ground, the idea of shape, number, letter, space. Again, I did not mean dullness and limitations of these people, but only to be overcome difficulties.

4. Almost all people born without sight, well-developed compensatory mechanisms: a keen ear, nose, skin sensitivity on the face, tactile sensitivity. Unfortunately, late blinded these abilities and mechanisms developed very weakly or not developed at all.

  • What helps and what hinders blind people explore space?
  • Under what conditions is offset by the lack of view?
  • As sighted perceive people deprived of view?
  • What we know about the opportunities for blind people?
  •  How to raise a blind child?