What kind of care needed gladioli in the summer?



What kind of care needed gladioli in the summer? Gladiolus - one of the beautiful flowers and favorite of many florists. The present king of the flower bed! That attention he requires, the appropriate rank. The principle of "planted and forgotten" to gladioli inapplicable: throughout the summer, he requires at least minimal care.

  Nursing amounts to weeding, watering, fertilizing and garters stems. To corms may develop well after watering the soil is necessarily loose. With the advent of flower shooter tall varieties with strong peduncles want to tie to the stakes. They must be of sufficient height, because peduncle grows to 1,5 m and it should be good to fix that is not broken by the wind or rain.

  Watering . In the first weeks after planting, watering is not required: in the soil usually has enough moisture introduced during landing. At this time, not even a good bed of water: the roots are not getting the moisture in the topsoil, will seek to grow deeper, and therefore will be longer and stronger summer and will be able to avoid overheating and drying out. And consequently, the plant will grow more powerful. This regime persists until emergence. But on sandy soils that are rapidly drying up, still need a rare copious irrigation.

 Gladiolus enough water about 1 time a week in dry weather - 2 times, water consumption - 10 -15 liters of water per 1 sq.m. When watering is necessary to avoid getting water on the leaves, it is better to pour water into the small notch made in rows. Watering preferably in the evening, but in such a way that leaves fell for the water still had time to dry before nightfall. In the process of watering can sometimes add a little water, potassium permanganate, wood ash .

As the sprouting leaves gladioli little hill and top up the mulch layer. Generally about mulch want to say especially. Its application reduces labor costs are much Florist in particular requires little or no tilling and weeding, reduces the number of watering, because moisture is better preserved in the soil. And if as a mulch to use a good mold, it will serve and additional dressing, giving the soil nutrients during irrigation.

 What kind of care needed gladioli in the summer? "Home Run" (Photo: J. Lukyanchikov, personal archive) Подкормки гладиолусам необходимы, потому что это от этого зависит получение крепких здоровых растений с пышными красивыми цветами . As fertilizer use mineral mixture or solution of organics: mullein, poultry manure, horse manure. Begin fertilizing after the second sheet, subsequently fed every 10 days or focusing on the emergence of new leaves.

  First feeding - Urea solution (30 g per 10 liters of water), this number is given by 1 square. m beds after the first leaves. In the initial stage of development, they need nitrogen, with its lack of leaves turn pale, delayed growth, suffers from that plant growth in general. Instead of urea solution can be used mullein (1:10) or chicken manure (1:20). In the rich fertile soil solution concentration can be reduced by half.

  The second fertilization carried out with the advent of the 4-th leaf. If you use fertilizer in 10 liters of water to throw 30 grams of potassium sulfate and add 15 g of urea. Organic used in the above proportions.

  Third feeding conducted in phase 5-6 leaves and is composed of potassium sulfate: 30 g per 10 liters of water. Fourth fertilizing is given in the appearance of stems. Not bad to use at this time any complex flower fertilizer. Fifth fertilizing conduct after flowering solution of 30 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water. Norma old: 10 liters of solution per 1 square. m square.

 What kind of care needed gladioli in the summer? "Nizhny Novgorod" (Photo: J. Lukyanchikov, personal archives) for the opponents of the use of chemical fertilizers on the site, I note that if the soil is well fertilized with organic pereprevshy, the use of chemical fertilizers is not necessary. In such a soil enough nutrients almost the entire season, but the liquid feeding with a weak solution of organic matter would be superfluous and would have a positive effect.

Unfortunately, not sidestep gladioli and Pests . Very often plagued thrips By sucking cell sap from the leaves. On them appear bright discolored spot, leading to drying. On lowering the temperature to 10 ° C thrips sink to the bottom of the leaves, gradually turning over a corm scales, where they winter, eating their juice and the resulting drying plant material.

  Control measures . Treatment of leaves with suitable drugs. It is recommended to withstand corms after harvest in hot water (50-55 ° C) for 5 minutes - enough to hide under the scales thrips were killed. Storage of planting material at a temperature no higher than 8 ° C.

  Wireworms - Another intruder. This beetle larvae of click beetles, with a solid dark yellow body size 2-2,5 cm, similar to worms. They hibernate deep in the soil, and in the spring creep into the upper layers, where they feed corms, piercing through them, and the underground part of the stem. Wireworms dangerous in that it often carries pathogens of viral and bacterial diseases.

 What kind of care needed gladioli in the summer? Scarlet handsome unknown varieties (Photo: J. Lukyanchikov, personal archive) [i] Measures against 11,111,135. . Before planting gladioli shed soil pink solution of potassium permanganate solution or ammonia solution (2 tablespoons in a bucket of water on 1 square meter of floor). This deters wireworms, forcing to move to another place. In early spring you can catch on the bait, prikapyvaya into the soil a few inches pieces of potatoes or other root crops. The bait was checked in two days and destroy pests.

For themselves gladiolus flower is especially dangerous 11,111,136. caterpillar garden shovels [/b] Which is taken in another undisclosed buds and eat away soft tissue, spoiling the flowers until the complete destruction. We must carefully examine the emerging flower arrows and when it is damaged (in the form of tissue eaten, holes) to take action: to collect the caterpillars by hand, if their unit, or by spraying with drugs from pests.

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