This algaroba, or carob. Other popular names - Johns bread, locust beans, Nabataean horns. In m" />

What tree can be called a jeweler?

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 What tree can be called a jeweler? This algaroba, or carob. Other popular names - John's bread, locust beans, Nabataean horns. In many respects, this unique plant. Surprisingly, it does not stick to it no taint: neither in the root system or on the bark or leaves on the hard wood never found any parasites. Due to this circumstance, many people carob tree is revered as sacred.

Another unique feature algaroba - it survivor. To grow on dry rocky soil, reaching 10-15 meters in height, the tree can live for several centuries.

Very strong wood with difficult to process, but the evergreen algaroba (its leaves are oval and hard never yellow) is very generous for the fruit: every tree can provide about 200 kilograms of fruit per year.

In late February algaroba bloom in May - fruits. Pods (10-25 cm in length, width 4 cm) tear immature and dried in the sun. Ready to eat locust beans have a dark brown color and sweet juicy pulp.

Dried and powdered pods algaroba mixed with wheat flour and used for preparation of confectionery products. Among them also are sugar, syrups, alcohol.

From ancient times until 1917 locust beans regularly exported to Russia. Selling them as "candy" from Constantinople, and they cost very expensive.
Widely known medicinal properties of fruits algaroba. The author of the Canon of Medicine "Abu Ali Ibn Sina (Avicenna), for example, wrote:" If you rub the warts are very immature Nabataean horns, they are completely nullify them. Mouthwash broth well [помогает] toothache. The pods of wild carob good for jaundice. The fruits algaroba of expectorants teas and teas from diarrhea.

In the subtropical regions of Africa, Australia, North America, the Mediterranean algaroba as it grows in the wild and cultivated. In Spain, for example, industrial plantations algaroba occupy more than 150,000 hectares, Cyprus annually produce about 70,000 tonnes of chilli fruit tree. In this case the lion's share of the crop is ... to feed domestic animals.

But why should it be called algaroba jewelry tree? Tom has two reasons. The first is the unique property of the carob seed. Even in ancient times, jewelers and pharmacists have noticed that the seeds algaroba - solid, shining, lenticular - are surprisingly the same mass. The weight of each seed - 200 mg.
It turns out these little natural "weights" are very useful for weighing precious metals, gems and drugs. From antiquity to the present day measure of weight of precious stones is constant and is called by the name of the carob tree - "carat", from the Greek name algaroba - "keratos.

The second reason is the unique tree is of direct relevance to the jewelry business, is its pitch. Tens of millions of years ago from the resin algaroba growing on the lands of present-day Central America, was formed amber. It is called the Haitian, Dominican, or the Atlantic and caught artisanal in improvised mines in Mexico, Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic.