What is valued pistachio?



What is valued pistachio? Few people know that galls developing on leaves of this plant as a result of "shots" of insects, due to high content of tannins, are widely used in tanning leather, wool and silk painting in blue and crimson.

All we are interested in other uses pistachios.

  Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.), family Anakardievye (Anacardiaceae). Deciduous tree 5-7 m (rarely 10-12 m) tall, with pinnate (5-7-shirokoellipticheskimi) or ternate leathery leaves. A remarkable feature of pistachio - surprisingly rapid growth of roots of young plants. Primarily due to this, pistachios - a real boon for development unsuitable for irrigation of arid lands.

Flowers with a simple perianth, stamens with short filaments, rod tripartite, short. Blossoms pistachio from March to May. Fruit - narrowly or broadly drupe, oblique at the base, up to 2,4 cm long and 1,4 cm wide, often cracked, color from yellow or red to dark purple.

In the wild, pistachio this occurs in Asia Minor and Central Asia, Iran and Afghanistan (home is in Central Asia, where in the last century plantation pistachios, at one time almost note of the "out", artificially increased to three hundred thousand hectares). Since ancient times, pistachio widely and successfully cultivated in Mediterranean countries, relatively recently - in the Crimea and the east of the Balkan Peninsula. Major suppliers of "nuts" pistachios in the world market - Turkey, Syria, Italy, Iran and Tunisia.

Cotyledons, painted in green, contain 60% fatty oil, about 23% proteins, 13% carbohydrate and 2.5% cellulose, there is a certain amount of vitamins, minerals and tannins.

"Nuts" pistachio, possessing a peculiar resinous aroma and pleasant taste, long eat raw or toasted as used in the confectionery industry, for cooking 1,111,116. pistachio [/url] ice cream, even for salting.

"Nuts" or "kernel" pistachios have certain medicinal properties: they are useful for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis, anemia, atherosclerosis, gipomotornoy dyskinesia of the gallbladder and can be used in clinical nutrition - especially in spring, when weakened by the human body lacks the vitamins and it gain Due to the chronic processes. Pistachios are useful in this period almost all - children and elderly people, athletes and pregnant women.

It's time for the recipes - and suddenly come in handy?

Pistachio Cream
To prepare the cream you want 2-2,5 cup crushed (ground) fruit, one glass of milk and half a cup of powdered sugar, 2-3 egg yolks and vanilla (or vanilla sugar).

Slightly fried (pre-shredded) fruit should pour the boiling milk, cover, stirring, powdered sugar and vanilla. When mixture has cooled, add the yolks chafed. Now you can whip the mixture until the foam mass. The cream is ready.

Pistachio pudding
In addition to a full cup of crushed or milled kernels pistachios would take almost a full glass of cream and a half cups of flour, zest of one lemon, 5-6 eggs, 150-180 g of butter and 3-4 tablespoons sugar, preferably a small amount of breadcrumbs.

Butter should be careful with sugar and lemon peel, egg yolks, then add the chopped pistachio fruit, whipped egg whites, flour and mix well. The mass is to lay out in a greased and sprinkled with breadcrumbs or flour form. Bake better on low heat in the oven, allowed to boil in a water bath. Serve pudding with whipped cream is recommended.

Concluding the discussion of pistachios, to mention two more species, less well-known: Turkterebinth or pistachio and pistachio Mastic - Pistacia mutica Fisch. et Mey. and Pistacia lentiscus L.

  Pistachio Turkterebinth or prevalent in the dry steppes of Transcaucasia (Karabakh, Zangezur, Ganja), in Asia Minor, the islands of Rhodes, Chios, in the foothills of the Crimean mountains (from Sevastopol to Bakhchisarai), on the southern coast of Crimea - from Balaklava to Karadag.

The seeds of an equally rich in oil, the seeds of pistachio, but, in contrast, are mainly used in feed or for technical purposes. Dense and beautiful wood pistachios Turkterebinth or well polished and is often used for the manufacture of lathe and millwork. Evolved in boxing trunks aromatic gum resin, used as an aromatic gum or smoking (for air fresheners in a residential area).

 Фисташка мастиковая, небольшое деревцо или кустарник до трёх метров в высоту, встречается по Средиземноморскому побережью до Малой Азии, на Канарских островах. Из её семян получают душистое масло Is used as food, as well as in textile production (the leaves are also used - for coloring in yellow silk and wool).

The main significance resulting from the trunks of the gum-resin (mastic), which enjoyed another 400 years before our era - today and sealant used for the production of light varnish, which cover hardware, or painting, executed in oil and watercolor.

Particularly well known is deservedly sealant, mastic from a species of pistachio in ancient times, cultivated on the island of Chios.

 
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