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What kind of mushrooms can be harvested in the woods in winter?



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 What kind of mushrooms can be harvested in the woods in winter? Oddly enough, the winter forest can please tasty mushroom fungi. Unfortunately, these fungi a few species, but they are widespread, and their collection is not difficult. You can combine business with pleasure - a walk on skis in the winter woods and search for forest delicacies.

Collecting mushrooms in the winter even more comfortable than in summer. In defoliate the snowy woods they can be seen from afar, especially since they usually grow high on tree trunks or fallen trees. There are several types of fungi, which can be harvested throughout the winter. This Enokitake, lozhnoopenok seroplastinchaty and oyster.

In addition, winter is the best time to collect birch chaga. This inedible fungus has excellent healing properties, so it widely used in folk and official medicine. And fans will enjoy a variety of original crafts Polypore mushrooms, of which make different compositions, figurines, flower pots, etc.

 What kind of mushrooms can be harvested in the woods in winter? Polypore (Photo: V. Rogoza, shkolazhizni.ru) At the beginning of winter, especially if the cold days came early, in the woods you can find the usual autumn fungi - several species ryadovok, Autumn estimates of location, Polypore sulfur-yellow and scaly. But they can be collected only until the first thaw, because after thawing and subsequent frost they begin to lose their quality. Winter mushrooms, by contrast, are not afraid to thaw and use this time to continue to grow.

The easiest way in the winter forest to collect late oyster. They apparently do not differ from those that are grown in greenhouses and sold in markets or in shops. Oyster difficult to confuse with other mushrooms, leg she is on her side, a smooth transition in the bonnet, which sometimes reaches 10 centimeters. Young mushrooms resemble seashells, so sometimes called oyster shell or oyster mushrooms.

Oyster cap is usually light gray in color, but there are brownish, yellowish and bluish colors. Oyster mushrooms are always settle in groups on dead standing or fallen aspen and birch, rarely on other deciduous trees. Inexperienced mushroom pickers are sometimes mistaken for a young oyster Polypore gray or whitish color, but they are always tough and do not have legs.

Oyster mushrooms are good for cooking various dishes. Before cooking mushrooms, it is desirable to boil, and pour broth. Personally, I like the fried oyster, I think that the taste of them can compete only mushroom umbrella. For cooking, use the cap. Legs oyster tough, but you can use them if you pre-boil and grind.

Winter wild mushrooms picked from ancient times. The fact that the fungus is widespread, demonstrated by the large number of its popular names: Zimushko, winter mushroom, snow fungus, winter moth. The fungus has a bright orange-yellow color under the bonnet rare bright yellow plates. Leg adult mushrooms long and hard, darkening considerably to the bottom, covered with down. Mushrooms look shiny, as a hat covered by protective mucus.

Winter mushrooms settle groups on old or dead deciduous trees. Most of them can be found on elm, aspen, willow, poplar, sometimes grow on the old apple and pear trees. Mushroom tasty and is used for cooking various dishes. In adults, fungi in food are only the hats, and young mushrooms can be used with legs.

Curiously, in the Far East winter mushrooms are bred, and used not only for food but also for the preparation of medicines. In the literature mentions that the fungus has a pronounced antiviral activity and even inhibits the growth of cancer cells.

Much less frequently in the forest can be found lozhnoopenok seroplastinchaty, who prefers to settle on stumps and dead wood of coniferous trees. Despite the name, the fungus is edible and tasty. From the winter of Armillaria he has a more faded color, which can vary from yellowish-gray to brown. With age in the fungus significantly darker, going from whitish-yellow to grayish-blue. If a piece of the cap to rub his fingers, there is a pleasant mushroom smell.

On the smell of mention is not in vain. At lozhnoopenok seroplastinchaty a bit like a poisonous mushroom, which can also be found in the winter forest. This lozhnoopenok sulfur-yellow. It has a bitter pulp and odor.

Apart from his mushrooms in the forest can be found winter Polypore. Unlike most of Polypore he looks like a "normal" mushroom on a stalk capped with a dark gray or brownish color. The edges of the cap with a small fringe. Under the bonnet, white or light cream very short tubular layer (the main difference). The flesh of the fungus stiff, but not poisonous.

 What kind of mushrooms can be harvested in the woods in winter? Березовая чага (Фото: В.Рогоза, shkolazhizni.ru) Из несъедобных грибов главную ценность в зимнем лесу представляет березовая чага . Its hard with something mixed up, this large black growths that grow in the gaps of the old birch bark. They can reach a considerable size and weight of several kilograms. Chaga has pronounced antiseptic and antimicrobial properties, in its composition are substances which are natural biogenic stimulants. Preparations of chaga strengthen the immune system, increase the protective properties of the organism, stimulate the central nervous system, improve metabolism.

Gathering in a winter forest for mushrooms, note that for cutting ordinary penknife you can not do. We need a big strong knife, and in some cases and a small hatchet. In any case, chaga without ax "otkolupnut" will not succeed. As winter mushrooms can grow at a considerable height, you may need a long stick with a pointed tip. Naturally, the clothing should be selected for the weather.

 
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