How to safely make the bathroom comfortable?

  How to safely make the bathroom comfortable? Once the facility in a city apartment seen fellow citizens as an alternative to the public baths: a thing, in principle, good, but without it is quite possible and indispensable.

Today the city baths used less often, and bathroom of the little demand alternative has become an important part of the dwelling. In the bathroom we make daily hygiene routine, executing close building a significant part of life.

Unfortunately, developers of residential projects of mass construction often to the bathroom are old-fashioned. The area of the average bathroom rarely allows you to place in the room you want furniture and appliances, and electrical equipment from lucky newcomers often available only "light Ilyich", scantily illuminating small size room with no windows.

So it is not uncommon, when life in the new house begins with a cardinal restructuring of the bathroom, the saturation of its high-tech "blessings of civilization" that use electricity. Alas, whether through ignorance or because of other reasons, but safety in such reconstructions are not always respected.

State standard that defines the requirements of electrical safety - not just a document devised by officials from idleness, and a set of rules, developed through years of experience operating electrical appliances.

Any towels or showers Russian standard divides at four zones to ensure safety and choice of electrical . Just a bath or shower equipment refers to Zone 0 . It is allowed to use only low-voltage devices with voltage up to 12V.

  Zone 1 - The space under the bath and over it to a height of two and a quarter feet above the floor. There is no place for additional lighting, fans or other appliances, except water heaters.

The space around the first zone above the ceiling and sides of a radius of 60 centimeters from the bath or shower refers to Zone 2 . Here, except water heaters, the installation of lighting a second-class protection against electric shock, with double or reinforced insulation and without grounding.

In all these areas can not install any distribution equipment, boxes and remote controls. If you need a bathroom outlet, it can be set to zone 3 Covering the space from floor to ceiling in a radius of 2,4 m around the zone 2. But the mere inclusion of sockets in the flat mains is unacceptable, the standard requires the use of isolating transformers or devices breaker.

Internet users are familiar with the concept of IP-addresses. It turns out that the abbreviation IP is also used to reduce the words «Ingress Protection», a system of standards of the International Electrotechnical Commission, defining the protection requirements of household appliances from the effects of water.

Russian regulations for Electrical determine what appliances are installed in Zone 0, must provide watertight when submerged in water, which corresponds to protection class IPx7.

Devices IPx5, protected from the effects of water jets in any direction, is allowed to set in zone 1. In zone 2 bathrooms accommodation is not shared, you can use electrical class IPx4, which transcend splash. Devices IPx1, protected from the effects of vertically falling drops, set in zone 3.

Before you begin, remember that electrical safety in any case can not be ignored, even if it seems convenient.