How not to get hepatitis?



  How not to get hepatitis? HOW NOT get hepatitis A?

Hepatitis A is one of the most common diseases.
This is a serious disease that is caused by a virus and affects mainly the liver. Accompanied by jaundice, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness.

The hepatitis A virus isolated from the body through the intestine with the faeces of the patient, infecting the water and soil, getting on his hands unscrupulous man, and from them on household items and food. The way of contracting the disease is the same as in intestinal infections. It should be noted that the wide dissemination of hepatitis A contributed to two factors.

First, hepatitis A virus is much more resistant to sunlight and disinfectants and to boiling than the other agents of intestinal infections.

Secondly, the most dangerous for those around the patient before the onset of the jaundice. During that time he allocated the largest number of viruses, although the fore or dyspeptic symptoms, or flu: fever, headache, lethargy, runny nose, cough.

Patients with anicteric and asymptomatic forms pose the greatest danger to others. Thus, apparently healthy person can serve as a source of danger to others.
It is known that alcohol serves as a favorable backdrop for the spread of viral hepatitis.
Prevention of hepatitis A in many countries, including in Russia, is vaccination.

Prevention of illness is limited to compliance is easily performed by hygiene rules. And a great pity that it is a violation of these very simple hygiene in the ground and leads to widespread hepatitis A.

To avoid contracting hepatitis A, you must:
- Carefully observe good personal hygiene;
- Wash hands thoroughly with soap after using the toilet and before eating (as observation shows, once is not enough to wash your hands before eating - and the disease is inevitable);
- Not to drink unboiled water from open water bodies - rivers, ponds, not to wash her fruit and vegetables;
-Vegetables and fruits before eating necessarily wash with running water, then rinse with boiled;
- Comply with the purity during preparation and storage of food;
- Keep raw food so that they do not come into contact with ready-made dishes;
- Do not swim in places where there are signs prohibiting;
- Do not contaminate water;
- Systematically clean and ventilate the house.

  Can you say "NO" hepatitis B?

Despite the fact that the disease threatens the lives of hundreds of thousands of people, and 100 times more infectious than AIDS, many know little about the disease. And do not even suspect that hepatitis B can be a very serious disease, and in some cases fatal.

Hepatitis B - a viral disease, the main source of which are those with chronic forms and carriers of the virus, as well as patients with acute hepatitis B.
Anyone in contact with an infected patient may become infected with hepatitis B. Newborn babies can become infected from the mother. You can get infections, when using an infected syringe, with cuts, open wound on the body by direct contact with blood or secretions of a patient. The virus can enter through the iris of the eye or mouth. This virus is distributed worldwide, and a huge number of people in all countries are its carriers.

Hepatitis B virus enters the cells of the liver and can cause its inflammation. It can be found in all body fluids, especially blood. It turns it even in human saliva. The virus has a high viability, even the AIDS virus is not as viable.

The incubation period ranges from 30 days to 6 months.

For most people, the disease begins with a brief period of illness, flu-like, sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting. The acute form of disease is difficult, with jaundice, manifested primarily yellow staining whites of the eyes, abdominal pain and dark urine. Very often the disease occurs in the icteric form, and are diagnosed after the completion of the acute stage, during the transition of the acute form of chronic phase or in a carrier of the virus.
 
Some of the patients infected with hepatitis B recover fully, while others become chronic carriers of the virus V. The chronic stage of infection lasts for many years and leads to serious complications.

The most severe complications of viral hepatitis are cirrhosis and cancer. Cirrhosis is the result of replacement of normal liver tissue connective (scar) tissue, and this will disturb the free passage of blood through the liver. The result is that developed ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdomen).

Remember! The virus spreads very easily, just from 10 to 100 virus particles for infection. From acute infection and its consequences each year worldwide die a lot of people.

The most effective way of specific protection against hepatitis B is vaccination. Vaccination protects the body from penetration of hepatitis B virus vaccine stimulates the body's antibodies against the virus, which protect people from infection with hepatitis B and the possibility of disease.

 
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