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Why are musical notes such strange names?



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Why are musical notes such strange names? Writing, the great invention of mankind, has allowed to accumulate and transmit to future generations of thought, ideas and impressions. Another invention, not less great, musical notation, allowing the descendants of the sounds, music.

The inventor of the modern system of musical notation - a Benedictine monk Guido Aretino (Guido d'Arezzo) (990-1050) . Arezzo - a small town in Tuscany, near Florence. In our monastery brother Guido taught singing performance scores. It was a difficult and long. All knowledge and skills passed on orally in direct contact. The choir under the direction of the teacher and with his voice consistently practicing every hymn and every chant of the Catholic mass. Therefore, a complete "training" took about 10 years.

Why are musical notes such strange names? Arezzo, Tuscany
Guido Arettinsky began to celebrate the sounds of notes (from the Latin word nota ). , Shaded squares placed on the stave, which consists of four parallel lines. Now these five lines, and circles represent the notes, but the principle introduced by Guido, was unchanged. Over the high notes represented at a higher range. Knot seven, they form an octave.

Each of the seven notes of the octave Guido gave the name: ut, re, mi, fa, sol, la, si. This - the first syllables of the hymn St. John. Each line of this hymn sung by a tone higher than the previous.

Why are musical notes such strange names? Statue of Guido Aretino in Florence near the Uffizi gallery UT queant laxis
RE sonare fibris
MI ra gestorum
FA muli tuorum,
SOL ve polluti
LA bii reatum,
S ancte I oannes.

(Translated from Latin:
To thy servants
their voices
able to sing
marvelous are your deeds,
atonement for sin
impeached with our lips,
Oh, St. John ")

Notes of the next octave have the same name, but sung by a higher or lower tone. In the transition from one octave to another frequency sound, marked by one and the same note, increases or decreases by half. For example, Musical Instruments To tune to a note of the first octave. This note corresponds to the frequency of 440 Hz. Horne To the next, second, an octave corresponds to the frequency of 880 Hz.

Why are musical notes such strange names? A plaque in Arezzo on the street Rikasolli on the house, the birthplace of Guido. It shows the square noty.Nazvaniya all music, except the first, ending in a vowel sound, it is convenient to sing. Syllable ut - indoor and sing it like the other impossible. The title of the first notes of the octave, ut, in the sixteenth century were replaced by do (probably from the Latin word Dominus - The Lord). The last note of the octave, si - a reduction of two words of the last line of the hymn, Sancte Ioannes. In anglophone countries, name of the note "si" replaced by "Tee" not to be confused with the letter C, also used in musical notation.

Inventing music, Guido taught singing this unique alphabet, and taught them to sing the notes. That is the fact that in today's music schools is solfege . Now it was enough to write notes of all the mass, and the song could have themselves to sing the right tune. No longer necessary to teach each each song personally. Guido was supposed to control the process. Length of training choristers decreased fivefold. Instead of ten years - two years.

Why are musical notes such strange names? La Scala, Milan. And here the notes music sounds ... I must say that the monk Guido of Arezzo was not the first who invented record music with characters. Before him, in Western Europe already had a system nevmov (from the Greek word "air" - breathing), icons, relying on the text of the Psalms, to mark the rise or fall in tone songs. In Russia, for the same purpose ate its own system of "hooks" or "banners".

 
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