Why Russia Hussars not married? Part 2

Why Russia Hussars not married? Part 2 Most of Russian military officers have traditionally been bachelors. This involves not only the hardships of life and most likely death in battle, and с целенаправленной политикой, проводимой руководством страны со времен Петра I . In this case the special laws governing marriage officers not long existed that gave rise as abusive bosses who ordered the officers to give permission to start a family, and the appearance of suspicious marriages entered hastily, and then drunk.

Preparation of the Law on the officers' marriages began in the reign of Nicholas I, but in the final form of the law only appeared during the reign of Alexander II in 1866. In accordance with the law "generals, staff and senior officers, officials of the military departments and the lower military ranks, wishing to marry, subject to generally established rules of procedure requested permission to marry." Was clearly regulated by the "order requested, provided that authorization is not lower than chief commander of the separate parts, which" obliged to consider propriety of marriage. "

But the officer had the right to submit the requested only for the achievement of 23 years, while the law provides that "has not attained 28 years of marriage may be allowed to head only upon submission of collateral. Property collateral can be property of the groom or both. Ensuring this should bring net income of at least 250 rubles, and may consist of immobile property, and from interest-bearing securities of all births attended the execution in mortgages in general. " Note that in the early twentieth century demanded for 1200 rubles - the amount at that time a great deal to the annual maintenance company commander.

Not bypassed the law and order focus венчания военнослужащих, установив, что оно «должно совершаться преимущественно священником собственного ведомства, т.е. в полках полковыми священниками . Naturally, the officer could get married in an ordinary parish church (while being on vacation, business trip, in places where there was no Military temples ), But in this case he was required to submit the priest permission to marry the commander, who was required to report on the upcoming wedding to a higher ecclesiastical authorities (usually the Provost or the diocesan office).

The law subsequently made numerous changes and additions, some of its provisions were explained in the orders and circulars from the War Department. If the minimum age of marriage for specific criticism in the military did not call, then on the need to provide collateral (reverse) and criteria for decency of marriage started a broad debate, which lasted in the early twentieth century.

 Why Russia Hussars not married? Part 2 Lieutenant DS Gumilev and his wife, AA Gumilev-Freygang Criticism need for reverse based on the fact that many young officers, whose income was less than the required amount had to be cunning, to provide false documents, "intermeddle in debt lenders for the acquisition of interest-bearing securities," and then get on the road embezzlement. Not without explicit "pins" to the emperor and the military establishment, which can not provide the officers reasonably considered the elite of society, salaries, enough to feed his family.

It is worth noting that at the end of XIX century in Russia, a considerable number of military magazines and newspapers, which often published articles and statements of officers who openly contradict the opinion of the military leadership. So in "The Scout" in 1898, one of the officers made fun of "forbidding marriage should be only because the parents of the bride and groom have not been able to acquire or preserve the desired reverse, and a rich aunt, if that is, does not want to die in a timely manner."

But the most scandalous situations arise around the criteria of decency of marriage, the former is very vague. Even in the early twentieth century, they were formulated as follows: "For the propriety of marriage requires that the bride was a kind of morality and politeness. In addition, the settlement of marriage should be taken into account the social status of the bride. Naturally, the most stringent requirements for "social position Bride" existed in гвардии, но и в армейских частях считалось, что жениться на крестьянке или мещанке непристойно. Допустимые для офицера партии – дочери потомственных и личных дворян, почетных граждан Consisting of a guild of merchants, clergy.

 Why Russia Hussars not married? Part 2 Family officer (Captain AE Kazan) Many officers openly protested against this, but could not reverse the situation. Here is what he wrote about his marriage one of the officers in "Officer's Life" in 1906: "I have made my choice long ago to allow the issue of his personal fortune quite freely, without fear of conditionality. Unfortunately, over this happiness tends harsh law which sculpts one batter and family life, and service. Every officer is not married to the regiment, but for himself, he must be the judge of his marriage. "

Often, a somewhat paradoxical situation. At the end of XIX century in the cadet schools received the representatives of all classes, so the officers grew and the children of peasants and townspeople. Their sister, living with them or coming to visit them on the Rights of the officer's family member could attend without limitation all activities of the officers' mess. If such a girl, the sister of his comrade in arms, wants to marry an officer, commander of the unit it fails - not the bride from decent. As the commander - the ultimate authority in making such a decision, he was in such a case can ignore even the officers' opinion or the court of honor. But when the meeting opposed the marriage, he must agree with the opinion of the officers.

Finally on this criteria of decency was raised cross only during the First World War, when up to 80% of young officers had come from among the peasants and townspeople. The reverse also was lifted a little earlier, the order of the War Department in 1909. The same order was ordered to "the question of the propriety of marriage senior officers ... to pass on the discussion of the court officers," but "the final resolution of the issue of marriage officers to provide the unit commander." The only thing that remained intact at all times, which is the minimum age for marriage at 23 years. The military leadership to discuss this issue even denied.

Marriage Act officers discussed and criticized, not only in the military environment, but also in society, believe that it should be either canceled or significantly changed. Although the law is final and has not been canceled, but life has its own changes. Before World War II in compliance with this law in the army (but not in the Guard) has been overlooked, subjecting violators symbolic disciplinary action. During the war from its strict adherence to refuse and guardsmen.

After the revolution in the White armies were attempts by the command somehow regulate marriage officers, but they did not find support, and the notorious law completely forgotten.