Who is Mowgli and that such a law of the jungle?

Who is Mowgli and that such a law of the jungle? Today we try to understand in detail what undertones and prototypes can be uglyadet in 1,111,112. Kipling tales about Mowgli [/url] .

Let's start with the notorious law of the jungle, which entered into our spoken language, almost completely reversing the meaning in the opposite.

  Law of the jungle

  "Here's a law of the jungle as the eternal sky.
Wolf, observing them - blessed is the offender - will die! "

Literary critics almost unanimously write that in his tales Kipling rise above their political views (or even more ridiculous - "overcomes them"). Of course, nothing "Songs of the British Empire" not prevailed. Himself syllable of the myth, the appeal to universal notions, far removed from any political analogy.

More correct to say that in the tales of Mowgli, Kipling, primarily by displaying their basic philosophy, the consequence of which were (and might not be), his political views. Briefly it can be called the philosophy of the Order, the embodiment of which was Law of the Jungle.

Kipling's Law of the jungle appeared at the junction of the ancient idea of the original harmony of Nature, Darwin's theory and ideas of the origin of the state, made the British Enlightenment. This kind of "social contract" Thomas Hobbes, who just emerged naturally through evolution.

 Who is Mowgli and that such a law of the jungle? - ... When the dogs come, Mowgli and the Free People will be together in this hunt. I mean - and let them hear my words river and trees and will remember them if I will forget, - I say that this one is my knife tooth flocks. Dolinin "Mysteries of Rudyard Kipling:
"... Looking at society as a chain of closed corporations, each of which governs the behavior of its members through its own law, he (Kipling - SK) was bound to come to the idea of the Corporation all corporations, which is the bearer of the Law of all laws."

Law of the Jungle - a prototype of the primary, though often cruel, but, according to Kipling, fair and important - necessary - a set of rules worked out billions of years of evolution and opposed to Chaos and Death. Calling wolves free people, Kipling did not fail to show that he does not identify with the freedom of anarchy.

  "Ever since shifted Akel, Flock was without leader and wolves hunted or fought as anyone wants. However, the wolves out of habit to the call. Some of them are lamed, trapped, while others barely limped, wounded shot, third zaparshiveli, eating all kinds of rubbish, and many were missing altogether.
... One of the most mean, whined:
- Be back to our leader, on Akela! Be our leader, on the calf! We are fed up with lawlessness, and we want to once again become a free people.
- No, - purred Bagheera, - this is impossible. If you're hungry, you can go mad again. No wonder you call a free people. You fought for freedom, and it's yours. Eat it, O Wolves! "

The order against the chaos - it is this idea - the foundation of all political views Kipling. Of course, these views - more limited than the idea itself. In Kipling, it turned into a celebration of the new "Rome" - the ideal of a world state, which seemed to him the British Empire. But the tale clearly shows that there is a creature that by its nature wider framework once and for all established law, and his name - Man.


 Who is Mowgli and that such a law of the jungle? "- I heard that this had happened before, but not in our flight and not in my time - said Father Wolf. - He's bald, and I could kill him one slap. Look, he looks and is not afraid" . The origins of the image of the child, fed the wolves are still in the ancient legends, the most famous of which is the legend of the founders of Rome - Romulus and Remus. And so India is simply teeming with similar stories. It is known that the shelf was a book of Kipling R. Sterndale "Mammals of British India and Ceylon, where given a lot of rumors about children with wolves, called the author of" totally groundless ".

The most famous is of relatively modern history "wolf adoptions" is the story of Kamala and Amal, the two girls, allegedly found a hunter in 1920 in the Wolf's Lair. They are completely alienated, running on all fours, eating raw meat and pull off any clothes. Although the existence of feral girls, none of the scientists had no doubt the possibility of their "wolf education" they are treated with great skepticism.

The fact that the life cycle of the wolf does not coincide with the life cycle. The cubs grow quickly, they become older and are able to feed themselves at an age when a person is still a baby. Even if you want a wolf could not feed the girl, in connection with biological cessation of lactation. Second, the surprising difference in the age of the girls (Kamal was 7 years old, and Amal - 2). After all the offspring of wolves is replaced every year or two, ie, in accordance with the lifecycle of a wolf Kamala could be "Grandma" or "great-grandmother" Amal. And even if we assume that the wolf was abnormal and specifically acquiring a human child, still she would not be perceived Kamala by the time his daughter. And how long can survive the stomach of the child feeding raw meat? Thus scientists and tend to associate savagery girls with more definitive causes (say, neglect by parents).

Moreover, even in the most favorable case of "child-cub" would never have received any founder of Rome, nor the "most able student Baloo" Mowgli, or even "full" wolf ...
Probably many know the story of cruel experiment carried out 400 years ago, Indian padishah Akbar. Sultan argued with his sages, that the child speak the native language, even if it does not teach. To do this, a room full of "guinea" kids allowed only with prior wet-torn languages. Sultan argued about. When the right time after a door was opened, in response heard only inarticulate cries and bellowing.

However, I think, for Kipling, all these Indian tales were just a pretext to revive, in their own way beautiful, but the utopian dream of a "natural person", which stirred more "educator" Russo - a man, not severed their ties with nature and not "tainted" vices of civilization. In the XIX century, it fueled the revolutionary theory of Darwin, has proved unbreakable relationship of all living organisms. And the call of Law of the Jungle - "We're the same blood - you and me!" - The most vivid proof.

  "He did not know what fear is, and when the village priest told him that the god in the temple angry with Mowgli if he would steal from a priest, sweet mangoes, Mowgli picked up a statue of an idol, dragged her to the priest's house and asked him to do so, that God was angry, and Mowgli could fight with him.
... Also, Mowgli had no idea about the differences between people who creates a caste. When the potter's donkey fell into a pit, Mowgli, dragged him by the tail, and helped lay the pots to be sent to the market in Kanhivaru. This was so bad, because potter belonged to the lowest caste, but about a donkey and say nothing. "

As a result, an intermediate position Mowgli - between the world of animals and people - at the same time allows him to rise, as over nature and over human civilization.

A special place Mowgli in the jungle and confirms that none of the animals are not capable of sustaining his view, and wise Bagheera calls him "Mister". Yes, he knows and respects the Law of the Jungle, but as a man can overcome the "Old Testament" a set of rules and dictate its will. The realization of himself as a man increasingly removes Mowgli from the "womb of nature" and forced to return to the people.

  "- Listen, you! - He shouted. - ... You have many times told me today that I'm a man (and I'm with you all my life would have remained a wolf), that I myself felt the truth of your words. I will call you as brothers, and dogs like to be a man. Do not you say what you want and what you do not want - that's my business! And so you are more visible, I, a man brought here Red flower, which you, the dogs are afraid of. ... Now that's what. Akela is free to live as he pleases. You will not kill him, because I do not want. "