Why should an actor of Indian Theatre seed in the eye?

Why should an actor of Indian Theatre seed in the eye? Kathakali - This is an unusual presentation of one of the Indian states of Kerala, where surprisingly intertwined theater, poetry, dance and music. The art of Kathakali in the 17 century when a wealthy rajah named Kottarakkary, received a refusal from a neighbor prince give him at the time the dance troupe, decided to create in his own yard.

Kathakali dance is based on the dancer's ability to express their thoughts through gestures and facial expressions, so each dancer is incredibly long and hard training. Since all the roles in the theater are performed only by men, boys begin learning the art of Kathakali since ten years. They teach in a special school gurkula from morning until late evening.

Training day begins with a special massage that gives elasticity to the muscles and joints. Massage quite painful, but it helps a dancer to learn how to feel every part of his body independently of the others. During the course, students study the various types of yoga and Ayurveda, train not only the body but each part of the face. Especially the eyes.

Kathakali dancers in their submissions using a complex language of gestures, which is based on the book "Hasta Lakshan Deepika" , Which describes 24 major hasta. Hasta - A visual display of each line of verse. With the help of facial expressions, movements and gestures that make up the hasta, the dancer turns auditory images in the visual.

Traditionally, Kathakali performance always takes place at night on the stage, which is a simple open platform that has no absolutely no decorations, curtains or backdrops. The only props that may be present at the scene, the stool. Use it as an actor could want - whether to submit it as a throne, a tree, or simply as a place to rest, when the center of the stage stands another actor.

 Why should an actor of Indian Theatre seed in the eye? The front part of the scene put the big oil lamp, which creates a striking yellow light. Unlike modern floodlights and spotlights, which create artificial fixed light, these lamps give a fascinating natural radiance, quivering and vibrating at the slightest breath of wind. This lamp can illuminate only a small circle on the stage, where the main action of the play unfolds, to which the manner and draws the audience's attention.

One of the main elements of Kathakali are the special costumes and makeup. The costumes, consisting of a huge number of different clothes, hats, jewelry and accessories, so massive, multilayered and heavy that it is difficult to imagine how such a burden artists can dance so energetically.

  Characters Theatre Kathakali are divided into three main Role: sattvik, radzhasik and tamasik.

  Sattvik - A noble, refined, generous and heroic characters. Their make-up consists of a bright green basics pachha , Which from the jaws from ear to ear being white stripe 11,111,136. chutti [/i] . It serves as a kind of boundary that clearly separates the person on her background of complex make-up stands out particularly noticeable and bright. His lips dyed a bright pink paint in the corners of her lips draw two circles. His eyes emit a black connector, and on his forehead draw complex religious symbol Naman. Among sattvik heroes such as Krishna, Shiva, Brahma, Indra.

 Why should an actor of Indian Theatre seed in the eye? Radzhasik - A kind of antihero, but also has a green base makeup, because these characters also have some positive qualities (generosity, loyalty, love). It's called make- katthi . The green background is crossed by a bright red line on the nose, cheeks and forehead, which distinguish it from pachha. In addition to his forehead and nose radzhasikov attached white balls from the pulp plant. Usually radzhasiki arrogant, boastful and aggressive characters, but each of them must have a mistress, in the presence of which is sentimental and accommodating. Usually, these characters the most popular throughout the presentation, as it contains the image of multiple roles.

  Tamasik - Is the most evil character representation. Tamasikov still call thadi , Which means "bearded". The basic color of makeup they have is black. They have a huge mustache and sometimes a beard. Lower part of his face painted red, so her background is particularly frightening distinguished black lips. On the nose and forehead tamasiki also have white balls, but they are much more than radzhasikov. In the corners of his mouth, they still tend to have fangs, a demonstration which adds character to anger and ferocity.

In Kathakali there are secondary characters. For example, Kari - The black characters, the makeup and costume, which completely black. Kari - evil ugly demonessy. Women and sages represent 11,111,136. minakku [/i] with brilliant orange-yellow makeup. Usually, characters minakku - fragile, lovely people. That fall into various funny situations.

 Why should an actor of Indian Theatre seed in the eye? Before the performance of Kathakali artists lay in the eye a little seed, which is absorbing the moisture, makes the eye red. This course is also an integral part of the makeup. Applying makeup is not less than two hours, during which the actor was asleep.

Each performance of Kathakali is accompanied by two singers and two drummers. The singers sing the text, drummers create a musical accompaniment, and actor conveys the meaning of the play with gestures and facial expressions.