Being a gypsy - what does this mean?



Being a gypsy - what does this mean? Scientists say that the Gypsies - this ethnic group, or, in everyday language and nationality. Popular opinion is often asserts that "gypsies - not ethnicity, but a way of life" or even "gypsies - a profession."

Ironically, the Gypsies ... agree with all three views!

Roma as an ethnic group
Many say that the Gypsies as a people like the Jews: they are scattered about the world and consist of a large number of ethnic groups (roughly speaking nations), differing customs, dialect, culture and even appearance sometimes so much that sometimes completely fail to understand and do not recognize each other, but an outside observer might seem at all different peoples.

However, if you look carefully, the total for different Roma detect more than the differences. First, of course, the origin. All the "classic", "European" gypsies (now called "Romanee Manush"), as well as living in the Arab and Caucasian countries (unknown to Russians Gypsies "House" and "scrap") evolved from a relatively small group of immigrants from India, who settled on the world through ... Persia. So argue linguists and geneticists.

This means that, contrary to previous assumptions, the ancestors of the Roma were not at some time have been and are not running aimlessly in all directions. With certain Indians purposefully came to Persia, and only from there they ran in all directions. Most popular now conjecture about the causes of this migration in Persia - the deliberate transportation of this group of Indians, the powers that be. Perhaps it really was a gift from the Indian ruler of Persia, according to "Shahnama", and maybe they were bought or captured slaves musicians. In any case, to escape the sharp purposeful movement usually slowly moving in a circle nomads are not very similar.

Since the Central Asian gypsies (known as "Lyuli") is not so clear. They certainly are of Indian origin, but too little studied to make it clear - from the same group they occurred or not. "Romanee Manush" Their relatives of potential repudiate, "home" refrain from commenting, "scrap" all of them have never heard of. Indians-tsyganologi just in case, consider Gypsies and their, and "House", and "scrap", and "Romanee Manush", and themselves - quite mysterious people.

From the common origin of the Gypsies is another unifying factor - the language. Specifically, the three languages: Romani, Domar and lomavren. All three together in a relationship, so that some water to drink will ask. The first two fall into dialects, so do not be surprised that Roma from Russia does not understand the lyrics of Roma from France, and Gypsies from Egypt - songs Palestinian brethren.

Finally, all the gypsies ("Lyuli" is no exception!) Have a number of identical rules for all nations, which are played along with their own, unique to each group. This set of common rules in "European" gypsies called

Gypsy Law
 Being a gypsy - what does this mean? For a long time European authors put into the mouth of his characters-Roma statement that the Gypsies do not recognize the rules and laws. Now, "Gypsy Law" - byword, it often mention journalists, explaining that a gypsy act or practice. However, what they tell about Tsygansky Act, can often throw in a shock Roma and ethnographers, so it is far from reality.

Gypsy Law - a set of rules governing relations within the Roma community, whether it is compact (camp) or dispersed (scattered around the city/area of Roma who do not have frequent contacts) as well as the behavior of a gypsy, or Roma women in the home and set out the main Roma for the values: respect the interests of the community and family as dominant over individual, respect for elders and the like.

Typically, other Gypsies consider you a gypsy, but if you observe Gypsy Law. That is, be a gypsy - it's not just being born (or to be adopted) Gypsy family, and every day to observe certain rules, rather strongly, in the opinion of modern Europeans, you're limited to: do not show her knees, her skirt in the chair do not hang, senior forward for the table does not sit down, made his way to the toilet almost secretly, and so on.

So it turns out, Roma - it is also a way of life.

Occupation: Gypsy
 Echoes of whether this caste consciousness or just historically, but, on the understanding of Romany life, not all professions are equally good for Roma. Moreover, there is a profession, there is little suitable for all Roma (you'll be surprised, but, in addition to the work of a janitor, scavengers, prostitutes, killers, waiter, etc. They include most medical professions, because gypsy law does not recommend physical contact with sick, or simply a dead body), so also every Roma tends to choose a profession, traditional for their particular ethnic group and even family. Knowing the ethnic groups of Roma are often easy to guess his occupation.

Lowary? Or in show business, or sells antiques.
Kotlyar? Engaged in scrap metal, tin or work on the transportation of goods.
Latin American Kalderash? The owner of a small, but very proud showroom.
British Gypsies? Musician or road worker.
And so on. Of course there are exceptions: for example, I knew two Kotlyarov journalists.

In addition, more numerous Roma ethnic groups, such as Russian or Hungarian gypsies, had long been confined to traditional professions and have mastered many of them. But their ancestors some one hundred or two hundred years ago, followed a narrow range of occupations. Thus, the Russian gypsies were mostly either loshadnikami, or artists, or soldiers.

And if we remember that in ancient times almost all the gypsy fortune-tellers were in jest "Roma - a profession, we see a fair amount of truth!

Being a holiday
 Being a gypsy - what does this mean? Being a gypsy - means not only to be a gypsy, gypsy executing the law and engaged in the work of the Roma. Other Roma look to you more and the presence of certain mental qualities. This Gypsies, even if you crack must be hospitable, energetic, smart, eloquent, emotional, chadolyubiv, professionally successful, and simply has no right to yield to discouragement, and other Gypsies never miss a chance to this recall.

And yet - the Roma should be able to have fun. In the evening on weekdays - to relax, throw off the burden of single day, and enter into a new day fresh, free. And in celebration - singing, forgetting himself, dancing, not sparing the feet, drink to joy, but not drunk, and completely given to mirth.

 
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