Who wrote the Gospel of Mark?



Who wrote the Gospel of Mark? Catholics and Lutherans celebrate the Day of the Gospel of Mark April 25 on the Gregorian calendar, the Orthodox - as usual. But read the first evangelist equally cherished in all Christian denominations.

Why first? So says a significant percentage of researchers since the middle of the XIX century, despite the fact that in any edition of the New Testament Gospel of Mark is the second in a row, after the Gospel of Matthew. The main evidence cited the original line of the text: "Beginning of the Gospel 1,111,112. Christ [/url] Son of God. " The word "gospel" is translated as "good news". And if it primarily refers to the fact that it - "the beginning", a reference point, it is likely that before him there was no precedent of the gospel.

About logiyah and logic
It was different. Speech of Christ, information about him during his "earthly life" went hand in the form of separate scrolls with the entries. They were called logiyami. They rewrote, completed, is in the collections lost ... There is a hypothesis that the Gospel of Matthew - a collection of the most gies, among which, apparently, only a part is out of his pen, and the final processing and they are obliged to do the efforts of a late unknown "editor". Probably because we know, the Four Gospels Matthew and open: it is a kind of preface to follow the gospel, a preliminary look into the history of the issue. That is, this is more logical order than the chronological.

Mark managed to enter the circle of disciples of Christ. The events described by him, he found a teenager. Certainly, he saw something with my own eyes, heard something with my own ears, somehow trying to understand himself sweeping over his new knowledge. But the best conductor of this knowledge between Christ and Mark was Peter. After 1,111,114. Christ is [/url] left the ground, it was Peter became the principal teacher of a young Mark, and later their closely related spodvizhnichestvo and joint missionary journey.

Preached mostly to Peter, and Mark them down. The result of these records may be rightfully called as the Gospel of Peter, as in fact it was born thanks to the "co-author of the two apostles. The birthplace of the "great story" became Rome. Clement of Alexandria and then leave a comment: "When Peter was in Rome publicly preached the Word and the Spirit to proclaim the Gospel, many of who were there asked for Mark (his longtime companion, remember all what he said) to write narrated [Петром] . Mark wrote the Gospel, he gave it to whom it was necessary " .

Rome as the target audience
Who is actually needed? Here we should note the following: missionary work of Peter and Mark was not directed at their fellow-Jews, and infidels from other countries. One thing is clear - it meant the Romans: and those who have already entered into the fold of Christianity, and those who only had to pay in the new faith.

It is used a lot of Latin words. There are almost no references to 1,111,119. Old Testament [/url] Needed to present the "good news" in front of Jewish audiences. On the other hand pointed out that the doctrine of Christ is meant to all people. Referring to Jewish custom, Mark tried to explain their meaning: for example, the custom of washing hands before eating. If he wrote for the Jews themselves, such comments obviously would have been superfluous. No, "target audience" are people of different faiths and cultures.

Style of Mark concise and dynamic simultaneously. No pathos, as in the Gospel of John, or sets the smallest detail, as in Luke. Everything is brief and clear. Striking only one thing: time and again used the word "immediately". Characteristically, it is associated with an act of Jesus Christ, or the actions of others towards him. In the description of John the Baptist, for example, Mark does not use this term. But Jesus encourages new students - "immediately", heals a woman of a fever - "immediately the fever left her," immediately "people gathered in His sermon," immediately "began to go limp ...

In general, almost all of miraculous healings occur in Mark only in this mode of time - "at once". Judas with a crowd of priests and the guards there, too, not as something - "immediately". Mark if he wanted to emphasize how quickly events unfolded, how they are inextricably fused together, how impossible it was for Christ in His great work even for a moment to catch his breath. Perhaps the word "immediately" evangelist, and operated as an implicit promise to the consciousness of the Gentiles, making it clear that recourse to a new life and a new world view does not tolerate delay.

The Passion According to Borges
The underlined the simplicity of the Markov-style already in the twentieth century was quite ironic assessment. Ironically, however, was thin and delicate. Argentinian Jorge Luis Borges, his insightful story and called - "The Gospel of Mark." It is about how a medical student Balthasar Espinosa and family "of uncertain origin" by the name of Guthrie left alone in the house, cut off from the rest of the world's severe floods.

Wanting something brighten stay within four walls, Balthasar begins to read to their unwitting neighbors chapters from the Gospel of Mark. " And note the strange change in their attitude towards him: first indifferent and sometimes even unfriendly, they suddenly began to walk on his heels, to catch his every word, carefully take care of him. And ask them to read the sacred book once again. But in the end asked: will be saved if those who are crucifying Christ? After receiving an affirmative response from not particularly strong in theology, Balthasar, they began to spit in his face, reviled. Then and at all pushed to the back yard.

  "Espinoza knew what awaited him at the door. Opened, he saw the sky. Whistled a bird, "Jackdaw" - flashed through him. Sarai was without a roof. From the broken trusses were knocked crucifixion.

You can, of course, assume that Borges - Mystifier marrow - has invested in his work has some meaning other than literal, which can be read all too clearly: tough and laconic Mark absorbed by untrained heathen mind as a direct guide to action. And what ultimately will be applied this action could not foresee one. Marc - including.

 
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