Why not become a city of Brest-hero? 12 cities and a castle

Why not become a city of Brest-hero? 12 cities and a castle We can do without the bullshit - just list all by name. , Moscow, Leningrad, Odessa, Sevastopol, Volgograd, Kiev, Kerch, Minsk, Novorossiysk, Tula, Murmansk, Smolensk, and 1,111,112. Brest Fortress [/url] . Clearly, what am I doing? On the hero cities. This one is the Brest Fortress, and introduces many misleading: heroism is often mistakenly attributed to the whole town, even though the Brest surrendered to the enemy with pluck almost the first day.

How? It's simple - the city had no one to defend, for the simple reason that the indigenous population in Brest left. But how did it happen, you need to ask history.

New Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
After the First World War, Belarus and Ukraine were cut, one can say, "are alive". The eastern part of each of these countries remained in the young state, Soviet Russia, and later they acquired the status of republics - BSSR and USSR. The western part of Belarus and part of Ukraine was annexed by Poland. This "trophy" Poland is very proud of, claiming that it de renaissance taken away in the XVIII century the pieces States Rzeczpospolita.

But people did not ask specifically - and whether they want such boundaries? And in 1921 the Polish-Russian border has come to lie to the east of Brest. Part of the Russian-speaking population of western Belarus with the outbreak of World War I went to the evacuation to the east, but both there and stayed. But some had returned and were, in fact, in a foreign country. With a new culture and faith.

However, given that the majority of the population in Brest, as in any other large city in Belarus, was Jewish, did not feel much difference. Before World War I lived in the city over 57 thousand, 10 thousand of them Russian (Orthodox), 7,5 thousand - Poles (Catholics), 39 thousand - the Jews. But already in 1928 there has been a marked preponderance of Catholics (13 thousand against 6.8 thousand Orthodox). True, the Jews while it was still significantly higher - 19,6 thousand

 Why not become a city of Brest-hero? 12 cities and a castle In 1920-30 years the church in the Brest Fortress was rebuilt under the Roman Catholic Church (photo during the German occupation)
 So until 1939 Brest was actually a Polish city. There was a Russian gymnasium, several Orthodox churches. Basically the same instruction in schools was in Polish. Even the cathedral in 1,111,118. Brest Fortress [/url] was transformed into a Catholic church. And the fortress itself, finding himself at the center of the country, has lost its strategic importance. The fortified camp, no more. Without too much difficulty here could get the civilian population. In the immediate vicinity of the trees, new buildings, although earlier in the radius of two kilometers from the secret facility - the Brest Fortress - do not build housing.

Fatal "liberation"
In accordance with the Molotov-Ribbentrop border of the USSR-Germany had to go straight to the Western Bug River, on which stands the Brest Fortress. As local legend even say that the Soviet soldiers in one night changed the river bed, and the main flow went on Lateral Canal - to strengthen the fortress Terespol inherited the Soviet Union. How it was done - the legend is silent. In 1939, Hitler acted more "honest": while German troops entered Brest before the city was unconditionally given to the USSR.

In the 20's numbers in September 1939 the Poles and the Jews of Brest staged a rally to demand "Return home". Their requests were made: with belongings and hope they crossed the bridge over the Western Bug. To be caught up by the Germans. However, representatives of the Polish authorities with the families of the city were evicted forcibly. So by 1941 the indigenous population in the city is practically no. Except perhaps that the Jews living here for centuries.

 Why not become a city of Brest-hero? 12 cities and a castle Local markedly different from outsiders. Actress Nina Andric
 And in Brest on vacant apartments profits Soviet family - "Easterners" as they were then called. They came from military families, youth on Komsomol ... For the Soviet citizens European Brest seemed downright paradise. Those rooms, which were looked completely different than the proletarians. Everything was different - and in clothes and manners. It's not like the envy.

Fortress yet again became a strategic target. By the beginning of World War II it housed the 4-th Army of the Western Military District. Although Stalin did not expect that Hitler broke the pact as soon began to be erected along the boundary line of defense - Pillbox (pillboxes). Some of them, incidentally, were built in close proximity to the forts of the fortress. The military also was ordered to retreat if attacked.

The shortest day
They were retreating. Those who succeeded. Of the 7-8 thousand military fortress left half. I remember that morning, [url=http://shkolazhizni.ru/archive/0/n-23279/] June 22, 1941 11,111,117. soldiers were running through the town in his underwear. And above them flew planes. Following the military away from the city rushed to those who are called "Easterners". There were only those who had nowhere to run. Or perhaps they do not like, hoping for exemption from the Soviet "prisoner".

And those who remain? It's hard to explain. Captain Zubachov, Commissioner Fomin, Major Gavrilov ... This city, this castle does not owe them. They lived here just nothing - no longer than a year. But here were their families, and then - went to the endless country by the name of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. This is evidenced by the inscriptions preserved on the walls of the fortress: "I am dying, but do not give up. Goodbye, Motherland! "That is why, Brest had long been won, and the fortress did not give up, resisted. She held the defense (July - just a point), two long months.

After the war, a feat the Brest Fortress tried to hide, shut up. Primarily because the survivors of the defenders of the German POW camp after the war straight to fall into Stalin's camps as traitors. After Stalin's death in 1957 the book "Brest Fortress", the first documentary book Sergey Smirnov (father of director of the Belarusian Railway Station "). After she showered by letters of witnesses and participants of Defense.