Who was the "mainspring" abolition of serfdom in Russia? " Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna



Who was the "mainspring" abolition of serfdom in Russia? " Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna Launched just before the story of 1,111,112. acts of the Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna [/url] will be incomplete, if not take account of the trail that she left public life in Russia, namely: the preparation of the liberation of the peasants. With considerable administrative and organizational talents, this woman of umneyshaya acted consistently and deliberately.

For example, ordered the preparation of Samarin Historical Essays of serfdom in its origin and its impact on people's life, as well as work on the history of the liberation of peasants and its significance in people's lives, and Professor Beliaev - scientific work on the beginnings of representative institutions in Russia.

 Who was the "mainspring" abolition of serfdom in Russia? " Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna In the 1840's. formed the "Chetvergova circle" in the Mikhailovsky Palace, which became the most famous saloon capital 1,111,118. PETERSBURG [/url] and collecting public figures, luminaries of art and science until the death of Elena Pavlovna. That there is only one list of names of his regulars and visitors!

First of all, the Emperor Alexander II and his wife Maria Alexandrovna and other family members. Leading personalities from the State Council and the Committee of Ministers, as well as diplomats - including the Prussian minister Otto von Bismarck. There were also IS Aksakov VF Odoevsky, FI Tiutchev, A. Humboldt, PB Struve, AF Horses etc.

According to the latter, these meetings were the main discussion area, where the work out great Reforms the second half of the XIX century, and supporters called them together Elena Pavlovna "mother-benefactress." On the ability of the Grand Duchess to collect and arrange the meeting relaxed atmosphere, including between people hostile toward each other, were legendary. But a special place in the "Thursday" took a friend and associate it - NA Milutin, under her patronage became Deputy Minister of Interior.

 Who was the "mainspring" abolition of serfdom in Russia? " Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna Elena Pavlovna in 1856 developed and discussed with the manager Engelhart plan for emancipation of the serfs in their own behalf Karlivka Poltava Province, comprises 12 villages and more than 9 thousand acres of land and with a population of 7392 men and 7625 women.

Together with NA Milyutin produced an action plan for the liberation of the peasants in Poltava and adjacent provinces. Having secured the prior approval of the emperor, the Grand Duchess asked the landlords Poltava with a request to discuss the plan, expressing opinions and suggestions for its implementation.

The finalized document was presented to Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich - an active supporter of reform. And with the collected experience freed from bondage Okhtinsky peasants who were in office Admiralty (koim charge). But even before he became a member of the Secret Committee on Peasant Affairs (1857).

 Who was the "mainspring" abolition of serfdom in Russia? " Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna In March of 1859 for the legislative drafting of the peasant reform was a special institution - the Editorial Committee, which met in fierce disputes. Curiously, for its provisions were habitues of "Thursday" Grand Duchess, and direct developers, leading officials NA Milyutina - VA Cherkassky and Y. Samarin - and does live in her palace on Stone Island. Itself Elena Pavlovna tirelessly organized a meeting of its allies with the imperial couple, instilled in them faith and quoted Scripture: "sow in tears will reap with joy."

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