Whose portrait hangs in the museum of Mozart, or what has helped the author to perpetuate itself?



Whose portrait hangs in the museum of Mozart, or what has helped the author to perpetuate itself? Mozart and Casanova ... The combination of these names are much less familiar than, say, Mozart and Salieri. Meanwhile, everyone who visits Bertramka - Mozart Museum in Prague, will be able to make sure that there is a conspicuous place a portrait of Giacomo Casanova. What was the basis to put the portrait in the museum of Mozart?

In the north of the Czech Republic is the town Duchcov (before it was called the German way - Dux). Here, in the castle of Count Wallenstein, found a refuge in his old age Casanova. Here, as a librarian, he spent the latter, the most calm, 13 years of his life. Hence, it only briefly traveled to Prague, Berlin, Dresden, Leipzig and Weimar, not counting visits to the nearby town of Teplice.

 During one such visit to Prague, Casanova became acquainted in 1787 with Mozart, who arrived there with his wife on the impending premiere of "Don Giovanni" ... This opera librettist Lorenzo da Ponte, and others from the Prague environment Mozart Casanova knew before. The archive Casanova was made a curious discovery, which gave reason to believe that he participated in the work on the libretto of Don Giovanni. It is about two pages on which Casanova drafted its own version of the sextet from the second act of Mozart's opera (when Leporello caught in the cloak of his master).

In this passage, not used, however, the composer, contains remarkable words: "I deserve forgiveness and not guilty at all. I'm sorry I did not, and women who enchant the soul that enchant the heart. Oh, sex cheat, a source of sorrow! .. "

Probably soznavavaya its resemblance to Don Juan, Casanova, recasting this place in the libretto da Ponte, had to some extent in mind, and himself. Semi-legendary Don Juan did not leave humanity of his memoirs. During his later had to work hard classics - Tirso de Molina, Moliere, Mozart, ET A Hoffmann, Merimee, Byron, Pushkin, Tolstoy.

Casanova also wrote "Story of My Life" - a unique product in the history of world literature. That's "Story of My Life" - a kind of "confession son of the century" - Casanova helped perpetuate itself (The twelve-note were published more than twenty years after his death).

Instead of discreetly silent about the inherent weaknesses and to dwell on the merits, Casanova clothed own memories in the form of picaresque novel, choosing the plot pivot amorous adventures. Casanova memoirist, as it defied public opinion, not stopping at the demonization of a Casanova-man.

Despite some missteps author's memoirs of Casanova, the "Decameron» XVIII century, have important significance of the historical monuments of the epoch: the seven tumultuous decades of his life Casanova well studied life and manners of contemporary Europe. Commentators have spent a lot of time and effort to rigorous verification of the submitted information, and eventually came to the conclusion that the memoirs of Casanova, abounding with precise observations and insightful performance, much more reliable than was previously thought. His keen memory (as well as extensive reading) must be amazed, so much she kept the various details.

Even [b] Stefan Zweig 1,111,115. , Not condescending to the "singer of his life, was forced to admit:" No one informed us better Casanova with daily and yet the culture of the eighteenth century - with its balls, theaters, confectionery, holidays, hotels, gambling halls, brothels, hunting, monasteries and prisons. Thanks to him we know how to travel, eating, playing, dancing, live, love and fun, we know manners, customs, way of expressing himself and life. And this unprecedented completeness of the facts ... complemented by dance of people, enough to fill twenty novels and provide material one - no, ten generations of novelists. "

In various countries, including in pre-revolutionary Russia, produced numerous adaptation memoirs of Casanova, the lines of tabloid reading material and caused heavy damage to the reputation of this work. However, enlightened readers immediately saw the "Story of My Life" a most curious artistic chronicle of the Rococo.

In that same 1822, when only the beginning to leave the German transcription of the memoirs of Casanova, Heinrich Heine noted in his "Letters from Berlin", which they excite great interest, and added: "My beloved, I would have not offered, but all my friends recommend. .. In this book, there is no line, which coincides with my feelings, but also a line that I would have read without pleasure. " Later Stendhal in "Promenades dans Rome," said the memoirs of Casanova far superior lesazhevskogo "Gil Bias.

Incidentally, the fact that at one time existed a flattering suspicion that the real author of "Story of My Life" was none other than the creator of "Red and Black" strongly indicate Writing Casanova.

Interested in this product and Pushkin for mentioning it in the "Queen of Spades, one of the newspaper notes, in 1830 and wrote in the preface to Notes Brigadier Moreau de Brasil," they do not have the original Casanova.

 
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