Why khans of the Golden Horde did not change the power in Russia?



Why khans of the Golden Horde did not change the power in Russia? Theme of the Mongol-Tatar yoke in Russia's history has always attracted the attention not only to historians but also writers, and philosophers. In some periods of the history of interest in it flared up with renewed vigor. The most important issue about which most controversy - is something that has developed a despotic power under the influence of the Mongol-Tatars, or in our history was initially inclined to this form of governance. And so it is interesting to find out the answer to a particular question: why did the Mongols left the same vertical of power that was before them.

In 1243 he was invited by the Khan in Saray, capital of the Golden Horde, founded by Batu Khan in the lower Volga River (now the Astrakhan Region), Yaroslav arrived, becoming the highest ranking the Grand Duke after the death of his brother George in the Vladimir cross the river Sit.

In the battle in 1238 Burundai, Mongolian tumen or temnik (the leader 10000000th troops, called the Russian "darkness"), a renowned expert leader Genghis Khan, surrounded and almost completely destroyed the Russian army. The battle cemented the defeat of the North-Eastern Russia.

Baty recognized by Grand Prince Yaroslav the whole, not just the Vladimir-Suzdal.

This has led to hurry the other Russian princes: in 1245 the Horde arrived to confirm their lost rights grand dukes Daniil Galitsky and Mikhail of Chernigov.

They were arguing over land before and after Batu pogrom continued to compete in the Horde. For example, Prince Michael, in one version, refused to comply with the established ritual of taking the Khan, and according to another version, failed to comply with the pagan ritual of communion with fire: for it is his and the boyar Fedor was brutally murdered. Suave Daniel did was told, and like Batu. "You're our Tartar" - allegedly said Khan, and gave him permission, the label on the Galicia-Volhynia Grand Principality.

Few princes died, like the sainted Michael. Some, not daring to speak out against the Khan, who later fought with the Tatar predatory bands, and honestly lay his head in battle.

But the majority felt that the shame eyes vyest that whip butt not pereshibesh. Many figured that the whole weight of the tribute will be on the mob, and rejoiced in the protection of the will of the boyars and the people, by luck rivals, attacks neighbor-stranger. After all, Khan of Golden Horde perfectly substituted for the princes of the highest state power, lost to fragmentation. It was enough to recognize him as king, not to be ashamed to call himself a slave and crawl on their knees.

Recognizing his reign property Tartar king, the prince got it back as a hereditary possession, together with the duty to serve and the right to protection from the host. Nobody could take away his reign, except the king himself. When the prince inherited tables properly and peacefully, Khans did not alter the usual order of the transition of power from brother to brother or from father to son. Usually only when strife and sedition, receiving requests for court and help the king to solve problems their own arbitrary and punishing recalcitrant.

Baty has not made significant changes in the constitution of Russia, precisely because well-acquainted with him and saw in him not the slightest danger to the ruling of the Golden Horde.

Very quickly mastered the khans and the importance of the church, by adopting its special role in the power system in Russia. They themselves are eventually adopted, and distributed in their domains of Islam, but preserved the originally inherent Gentiles tolerance and respect for other religions and their priests or clergy. Already in 1261, was founded by Russian Orthodox bishop to Sarai-Batu (Sarah).

 
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