Who is the luminary of Russian diplomacy of the nineteenth century?

Who is the luminary of Russian diplomacy of the nineteenth century? The main objective of foreign policy after the Crimean (Eastern) War of 1853-1856, was to restore the international prestige of Russia.

She complied Alexander Mikhailovich Gorchakov, AS classmate Pushkin's Lyceum. As one of the best high school pupils, during school, he studied French, English, German, Italian, and was determined to serve in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. More than sixty years Gorchakov devoted to Russian diplomacy, 26 of them leading it.

Pushkin once asked:

  "Who else of us under the old day of the Lyceum
Triumph will have one? "

The latest release was the first lyceum Gorchakov, Pushkin survived for 46 years.

In the years 1856-1882 (the entire period of the reign of Alexander II) Alexander was Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1867 was awarded the highest rank on the Table of Ranks - Chancellor, and in 1871 earned the title of His Serene Highness Prince.

Gorchakov also had considerable literary talent, the ability to be eloquent and effective diplomatic documents. AI Herzen believed Gorchakov master "filigree rhetoric.

At the time of taking office, Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1856, Gorchakov has passed a large school in the embassies of Britain, Austria, Prussia, Italy, and was known in diplomatic circles in Europe as shirokoobrazovanny, intelligent and subtle politician. He was acquainted with Bismarck, Metternich, Gladstone, who had no doubt in his brilliant talents. During the Crimean War in 1854, when it became apparent hostility of Austria against Russia, Gorchakov personal order of Nicholas I was appointed ambassador to Vienna.

His work in Vienna, the independence of his judgments to a large extent determined the subsequent career diplomat.

Head of department of foreign affairs in the first months the Foreign Ministry leadership has developed its own program of foreign policy, endorsed by the emperor. It was described in two circulars Gorchakov sent in the embassy in Europe, and Turkey. They affirmed the freedom of Russia's actions in defending national interests, the greatest attention to issues of internal development, which obey a foreign policy of seeking peace and harmony with other countries. Great restraint, caution and tact - these provisions for governments in formulating concrete solutions to international issues.