Who's hiding under the name of Homer?



Who's hiding under the name of Homer? Blind Homer's poems are familiar to us from his youth. The Iliad and The Odyssey withstood numerous reissues and "free" transfers. And it is no wonder, because the story of the Trojan War still stirs the minds of many. But who really was the author of these wonderful works?

 Do you ever wonder who actually could tell the story of Homer Trojan battles? After all, it is believed that Troy "fell" in 1225 BC. Homer himself lived in about 9-18 centuries BC. Thus, it appears that someone (whose name is not preserved in the pages of history) told him all the subtleties of the vicissitudes of the ancient battles, which were later shifted to the poetic narrative.

 According to legend, Homer was blind and therefore as a record was not able to. Moreover, during his lifetime in writing to fix the chronology of the Trojan battle anyone and had not occurred. For the first time the Iliad and Odyssey recorded in Athens ruler Pisistratus (ruled 560 -527 BC). Consequently, these literary masterpieces have been transferred to the paper after 300-350 years after the death of the poet and through 670 years after the Trojan War itself.

Hard to believe that the blind poet in some mysterious way in the memory writes and keeps the text of more than one million characters, and then sings it to his listeners, and they memorize it by heart. After the death of rhymester grateful descendants for at least 11 generations passed from mouth to mouth the text, without adding to it a single "foreign" words. A good hundred years later, the tyrant Peisistratos suddenly decides to give written form to these works, which since the death of the poet should have been, in theory, fairly podnadoest people (imagine that parents with children make the child memorize more than 700 pages of text and require mandatory transfer it to oral presentation to the next generation).

And these facts we want to make believe historians and literary critics? Amazing is still in the fact that neither at the beginning of the century, nor in the Middle Ages of Homer did hear. Maybe in Greece so tired of the endless chant of poetic lines, that we decided a little "forget"? Pause too long, and only in the mid 15 century AD poem again "pops". Moreover, in the form of footnotes, which makes in his writings, Aristotle, of course, in Latin.

And only in 1488 in Florence comes first printed edition of Homer in Greek, but incomplete, with lots of repetitions and omissions in the text. In 1723, there is the full text of the Iliad, made by the Italian poet Antonio Salvini with the unknown and still a source. But where is actually kept all forgotten Homeric text?

If we reject the version of the oral transmission of the text and the publication of its Pisistratus, you should recognize that both poems were discovered only in the current era - 15 century. No credible evidence is not on their early fate, only references in the writings of other "ancient" authors. But it shall not be taken as a hypothesis that the majority of the thinkers of Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece ever lived in fact in the 12-14 centuries BC, or their work - a good imitation.

From this it follows that we call Homer, a man who lived in 13 century AD and described the events that took place not in the ancient world, and in medieval Europe - the Gothic-Tarquinian War (11-13 centuries). This coincides with the facts of hostilities, and the names of participants, and with regions of collisions. Wrote a poem one of a kind of Saint Omer (in Latin transcription - Saint-Homer) about the beginning 14veka systematized he knew details about the current at the time hostilities.

This was probably the Marshal Nicolas de Saint-Omer, who fought under the leadership of Charles of Anjou in the years 1311-1314, and died January 30, 1314, leaving no descendants. Most likely, Nicolas was illiterate (as most of the gentry, soldiers) and "whispered" the text of the scribe. Is not this the legend of "the blind poet", which justifies the lack of handwritten manuscripts?

Historically, confirmed that the high cost of parchment and ink forced the chroniclers of the time to write short, mostly consonants. Thus, there were difficulties reading especially names and geographical names. This self-serving for use interpreters, introducing its own corrections and brazenly priviraya. Therefore, the text of any "ancient author" should "recheck", while looking with a few points of intersection.

If, however, biased look at the word "Homer", then we can infer that most likely the name "Homer" means not even name the last of St. Omer, but simply "a man» - «hombre», ie scribe, which turned stern Marshal Nicolas: "Hey, man, go, write it down!". If the record is among the consonants, we get «HMBR», that potershihsya sheets of parchment could be read as «HMR».

 
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