Why take the bull by the horns? Symbols of an ancient way

Why take the bull by the horns? Symbols of an ancient way In fairy tales bull image serves as a converter of the social world, the installers of Justice ("Ivan Bykovich", "John Son of a cow"), and also symbolizes attraction of wealth ("bull - flank a resin"). Where this led?

  Bull - an ancient symbol of the cultural traditions of peoples.

The origins of his veneration is visible in the ancient art. And in Egypt, found about 60 thousand graves with coffins mummified bulls!

 Why take the bull by the horns? Symbols of an ancient way God Mithras kills the bull may seem surprising that the bull in some cases acts of God or the enemy hero:
- In Iranian mythology evidenced by the murder of pervobyka Ahrimanom;
- In Zoroastrianism, one of the major feats of the god Mithra is that he killed the bull;
- On the Sumerian seals Gilgamesh fights with man-bull;
- Finally, Theseus overcomes the Cretan Minotaur.

Everything is connected with the rite of ritual competition and then sacrificing the sacred bull. For example, in Spain, Portugal and Latin America still hold bullfight, representing an echo of the ancient games and rites of sacrifice. During the Greek Buffon kill a bull who ate the sacrificial bread. Why?

 Why take the bull by the horns? Symbols of an ancient way Spanish corrida This is a bull as zoomorphic deity associated with thunder.

The Indian god Siva was the sacred bull Nandi, who represented the sexual energy. In Hittite and Khuritan remainder mythology the god of storms, two bull. And in the Mediterranean, the bull was a symbol of God's storm.

Thus, Zeus abducting Europe, it has become in it. Deities of water elements, including Poseidon (who was originally a fertility god of the earth, and only then in his keeping has passed the sea), the Greeks also depicted in this similarity. The Romans sacrificed a bull gromovniku Jupiter, and sometimes portrayed in this manner.

 Why take the bull by the horns? Symbols of an ancient way Europe on the bull. Ok. 540-520 years. BC Museum of Villa Giulia, Rome Procopius (VI century AD.), The Slavs sacrificed oxen to God - the creator of lightning (this is, of course, of Perun). In the Russian North, in Nizhny Novgorod, Penza, Orel, and others until the XX century. In Elijah's Day was going to male cattle-bratchina - a feast to which slaughtered specially fattened ox the entire community, its flesh eaten or given away and the bones must maintain, because they were believed to bring good luck.

But Ilyin was the pre-Christian Perunov day. Originally it was gromovniku Perun dedicated this sacrifice and good luck waiting on it. In Kostroma region with cattle plague slaughtered calf. At Orlovschiny bones buried in the sacrificial bull pen, "that is not translated cattle in the house.

In addition, there was a belief that the bones of the sacrificial bull provide clear weather during harvest and haying. In other words, the sacrificial bull associated with fertility and good fortune.

  From Perun to Veles

In the early-state period gromovniki increasingly become patrons squads rulers, partly losing their primary function of farming. It was with Perun. In the "Lay" friend of Prince Igor, the leader of warriors called Bui Tour Vsevolod Vsevolod, ie violent, strong bull. Bulls and tours to Russia, personified soldiers, and so devoted to Perun in his military incarnation.

For example, an excerpt from the epic "Three years Dobrynyushka stolnichal" in which a witch Marinka Koydalovna turns hero in the tour, ie in bull:

 Why take the bull by the horns? Symbols of an ancient way Wrapped it Dobrynya bays tour,
Let him go far away in an open field,
And where there go nine rounds,
A nine rounds, nine bratnikov,
What Dobrynya they will be the tenth round,
All Ataman-golden horns!

At the time of early Christianity in Rus bull symbol was transferred to the chthonic Vlez and became a leading symbol of fertility (respectively - and wealth). Rybakov in "Paganism of Ancient Rus
describes the game "Turytsya", under which the boys, dressing up like bulls, chasing beautiful maidens and tried to butt into their "obscene" place. This is a very strong hint of sexual energy and fertility-related role of the image.

 Why take the bull by the horns? Symbols of an ancient way Bull horns and masks as protective symbols are known in the Balkans with the 5-4 millennium BC: it was believed that the head of the animal and its horns drive away evil spirits. A related custom of drinking from turih (bull) horns in Russia and the Caucasus.

  Lunar deity

There were times, for several millennia BC the inhabitants of Mesopotamia, Central Asia, ancient India and other bull was seen primarily as the image of the lunar deity. In Iranian mythology was even a month, called "having a seed bull. In Sumer and Akkad moon god Sin was depicted in the guise sineborodogo bull.

The roots of the expression "take the bull by the horns" come from there. The meaning of it lies in the will of the imagination, which is associated with sensuality. According to these ideas, the Moon has the ability to translate things, make them specific.