Who was the prototype of the Count of Monte Cristo?

Who was the prototype of the Count of Monte Cristo? What do you think when there was rewriting (not to be confused with plagiarism)? If you think this is - a modern invention, remember the classics, which are used in their works judicial chronicles and memoirs of other writers. For example, the famous novel by Dumas' The Count of Monte Cristo "was based on the memoirs of officials Pesce, entitled" Police uncovered ", published in 1838.

Jacques Pescia (1758-1830) - author Police Blotter, the French Revolution Party XVIII century, thoroughly studied the jurisprudence of France. Engaged in the bar, was editor of French newspaper, wrote a book about the life and work of Mirabeau. From 1795 he served in the Ministry of Police, was the director of the Bureau to investigate cases of conspirators and emigrants, and then - archivist of the Paris police, has written his memoirs in six volumes, which contained many of the lawsuits. Despite the fact that at that time did not exist the secrecy, he ordered to publish his memoirs after his death.

Alexandre Dumas drew attention to one of the criminal cases described in the story "Diamond and vengeance", which takes place during the reign of Napoleon. Here is his summary:

Shoemaker Pico met with friends in the pub and said that marries the beautiful and rich Margarita Vigor. Friends congratulated, envy, and wrote a denunciation that Pico - an agent of Louis XVIII (and still talking about male friendship and female envy!). On the eve of the wedding of their "friend" was arrested, spent 7 years in prison, where he met with an Italian priest who died in jail and left behind a large fortune. The bride was married to one of the "well-wishers, Pico was released and dealt with informers. Is not that very familiar story?

The story evolved, grown over with new characters and details. Times of Napoleon's empire gave way to the Restoration and the July Monarchy. Abbe Faria - also not a fictional character who is really serving a sentence in the Castle d'If, slightly changed nationality (but that's another story). Shoemaker became a gentleman, and took the name of the rocks of Monte Cristo ("Mountain of Christ") from the island of Elba to delight the writer during a trip to places captivity of Napoleon. Not too successful and rich bourgeois Lupino became an officer Fernand.

It appeared and became a popular novel that was published in 138 rooms of the Paris newspaper (28 August 1844 to January 15, 1846) - but otherwise we would not admire a writer Dumas, a police officer Pesce. Or in general would not know about this fantastic story triumph of good over evil - agree in life is not always people who are jailed with the prospect of becoming rich, rather the contrary.

In Dumas handling of this tragic news has become brilliance, eventful and even philosophical attitude toward revenge: if the injured cobbler just killing their abusers, the Count of Monte Cristo to disclose the crime and the infamy of his enemies and proudly away from the hustle and bustle of Paris.

By the way, Alexander Dumas never concealed that the novel is based on the memoirs of a police officer and included a sketch of the Almaz and vengeance "in all the first editions of The Count of Monte Cristo.