Who lived in a medieval Russian city?

Who lived in a medieval Russian city? Pritula his ship, say, the Bolkhovskaya pier and went out into the streets of Veliky Novgorod, a German merchant would have thought that the city entirely populated by knights. Over the log bridge knocked horseshoe horses, on which stood proud, bearded men in armor with spears, swords and shields. Marched on foot, without giving anyone the road, fellow in rich and poor clothes with indispensable sword at his waist.

And the Germans, and Arabs needed time to understand that the sword, who served in all other countries sign a military caste, in Russia could be all free and wealthy enough to purchase his men.

Swords are not only worn, but with the ease of use to protect their dignity and property. Even the rowdy Vikings knew that Gardariki (in Kiev Rus) push citizen, to poke his finger and, worse still, grab the beard is dangerous.

Yaroslav the Wise, trying to calm passions, proceeded from the fact that only a fortune you can convince the townspeople refuse to bloody revenge abuser. Whether Novgorod, Kievan or even rootless rogue prince's warrior - griden, swordsman, or Vikings, merchant or master craft workshop. Moreover, a variety of shops and commerce are often kept in their backyards in the city of rich landowners - boyars.

The oldest article "Russian Truth" draw morals for all these important, deliberately husbands with the saddest part. They insult each other, threatening swords and beating to death or chop off different body parts, assign other people's horses, weapons and slaves, breaking spears and shields, tear ports. Even in the absence of weapons, such as at a feast, the men beating bowls and turimi horns. Their unarmed serfs and servants thrown into a garbage dump with clubs and, if anything, saved in a strong master's mansion.

However, one should bear in mind that the statement about any other time in its penal code will be no less distressing.

In real life, city-dweller, for example, quietly walked around the town, confusing unaccustomed to such freedom of foreigners, since even their verbal insult to bring on the offender's righteous vengeance.

In Novgorod, the richest merchants were "Ivanskaya hundred" - a corporation (guild) in the temple of Ivan the Great in the flasks, were stored in cellars way trade certificates and contracts, the public's money and valuable goods. There was a temple courtyard Seating and reference urban scale, there were tips and commercial courts.

Professional solidarity reflected in the division of the city into five districts-all: Carpenter, Sawno, Goncharsky, Country and Nerevsky. Konchane elected chiefs all, ulichane - streets such Schytno where lived maker of military shields.

Each master was feeding in his house a lot of wage or poholoplennyh workmen, it is necessary for a reasonable division of labor. After making a very simple panel require different kinds of work on a wooden base, leather steering wheel and belt harness, central buckle and steel fittings on the sides, not to mention the painting for beauty.

It was considered just that, having worked for many years to master, these people, even slaves, zavedut his farm and knocked out of men.