Who was the "thorn in the culture of the XII century"? On the great and sinful love.



Who was the "thorn in the culture of the XII century"? On the great and sinful love. History is replete with examples of unusual and exciting relationship between a man and a woman. Name them all the same - love but this love story intervened, church, improbable coincidences.

In a small house next to the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris is the inscription: "Here lived with Heloise Abelard. Sincere beloved. Precious role models. Year 1118 ".

He lived in the light of the theological free-thinker and even brought several popes. His contemporaries called him Socrates Gaul, Plato and Aristotle, even his age. True, the Catholic Church saw in his writings heretical, although the main tenets Peter Abelard is not in question. I did not think he was questioning the celibacy - that is, rejection of family and complete celibacy.

But the fatal encounter occurred. An orphan from a wealthy nunnery, brilliantly educated, who spoke on the ancient Greek, Latin and drevneevreyskom (which, as jokingly Abelard, already does not fit in my head), a sixteen-Eloise Fulber began taking lessons from a famous philosopher and theologian. Commotion, its consequences have been quick to give of themselves to know pregnancy is already noticeable. We have to arrange a secret wedding, news of which, of course, spread gossip.

Eloise is sent to a convent, where she was, contrary to the statute, visits Abelard. Instead of vows as a nun - a carnal sin directly in the monastery walls. A born son, named Astrolabe given for education to distant relatives, never to see the parents.

Such a situation could not shock the public. But even the clergy could not think of revenge, "barbaric and shameful", which is prepared for Abelard's uncle - guardian of Eloise. Together with the servants and the Spanish doctor, Abelard tied to the bed, he castrates him and it was not just a natural barbarity, but also spiritual: Eunuchs were not allowed into the temple, and, therefore, the question could not be on church career.

But my uncle-guardian is sent to a madhouse, leaving his entire estate. Since mercenaries arrived on the principle of "eye for an eye": they, too, are castrated, and even them, and blinded.

It's the Middle Ages, which is considered to be the time of stagnation, decline and violence. But that, as we see, not abolished, and some freedom of manners and purely human manifestations. After all, while this era and the other sublime love - Tristan and Isolde.

Two years after this terrible event Abelard lived in the chapel built of reeds, which quickly became the center of attraction for students, who all arrived and arrived. Later he became abbot of a monastery, but there do not get along with the local congregation that he almost became a victim of two assassination attempts on his life. On the other hand began to write the book "History of my distress.

And Eloise, still took the veil and also, in turn, became the abbess.

And the rest of their lives, they wrote each other letters. It is not religious, but full of lively sense of love and adoration. "Oh, my beloved!" - Began writing Eloise.

As he lay dying, bequeathed his body Abelard Heloise, and she ordered to bury him with dignity in the same chapel. She has credentials for the absolution of all sins, theologian and even money for his son. Every day she prayed for Abelard, too, died in 1963 and was buried in the tomb of the philosopher.

 Who was the "thorn in the culture of the XII century"? On the great and sinful love. Their grave - one of the landmarks in the medieval chronicles say that he had stretched his beloved embrace. Of course, this is already a legend, but, then, is not alien to have been the chroniclers of understanding the phenomenon encountered. Later, in 1828, their remains transferred to the famous Pere Lachaise cemetery, where their tomb - one of the sights and now.

Their "real" relationship lasted two years. But the rest of their lives they do not vidyas continued to love. Their letters to each other separated by the world, their re-Petrarca, almost a millennium, they came to us and become an example of one of the most famous in the world of long and deep relationship. Also part of the world's cultural heritage.

"God is my witness that I never looked at you, but yourself. And although the name of the wife is more sacred and strong, I was always pleasant to be called your friend, or if you're not hurt, - thy mistress or lover. I thought that the more I stoop for you, the greater will be your love for me and the less I hurt your outstanding glory. I followed you, rushing towards God, and way of life even warned you. In fact, you are first prompted me to wear robes and speak the vows, as if thinking of Lot's wife turned around, and then devoted himself to God.

"And since most of these songs speaks of our love, and I soon became known in many areas and brought to her the envy of many women. What are the only great spiritual and physical qualities are not decorated your youth! What woman, even though she was then my envy, my bad luck did not induce pity me, lishivshuyusya such pleasures? Who among men or women, let them earlier and were my enemies, not softened by compassion to me? "
(Letters from Heloise to Abelard).

On them are written the book. From Rousseau to Tsvetaeva and Shklovskii, many turned to this immortal story. Recently published a full monograph French scholar of the Middle Ages Rgine Pernod.

It seems that their love stand the test of time more than one millennium ...

Is this what you want .- .- So Hallelujah.
I hand the striker me, kiss.

In the chest repelled - to pull the chest,
So that, surprise, listened - silence.

And so then, with a smile indifferent:
- My child is obedient!

Not the first day, and many centuries
Already pull you to the chest, arm

Monastic - chill up the heat! -
Hand - about Eloise! - Abelard!

In thunder cathedral - in order to beat to death
You're taking off white lightning whip!

 
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