In a Russian army uniform thug Napoleon?



In a Russian army uniform thug Napoleon? Empress Catherine II was able to take care of the army. It is during her reign in 1786 the army had received a new convenient form in which the development took an active part Grigory Potemkin.

 In a Russian army uniform thug Napoleon? Ordinary Musketeers (1786-1796 years). Fig. VI Semenov
 Were introduced jackets with short sexes, free trousers, which are mid-calf length sewn leather leggings, boots, lightweight helmet with a cross-wool roll and double cloth hood on his head. In the summer - light linen tunic. Color uniform depended on the kind of troops: green and red - in the infantry, blue and red - for the dragoons, red and black for the artillery, etc. Bloomers in almost all the military branches - red. This attire was not only comfortable but also practical, and for many decades ahead of the shape of European armies.

Came to the throne in 1796, Paul I, an admirer of the Prussian system of training the army, entered the Prussian military uniform sample. Personnel are delayed in tight, uncomfortable uniforms, reintroduced elaborate hairstyles with braids and curls. The army, instead of preparing to defend the Fatherland was preparing for an inspection and vahtparadam. Began to lose the traditions of Russian military uniforms as a symbol of honor and valor.

 In a Russian army uniform thug Napoleon? The Musketeers (1796-1800). Fig. VI Semenov special torment for the soldiers began to hairstyles. Hair braided in a braid and fastened with a special tape. To achieve the desired horn shape, inserted wire. You were allowed to tie artificial braid. Hair at the temples were placed in curls. Hairstyle lard and sprinkled with powder or flour.

Advanced Russian generals and officers could not tolerate the situation in the army, which with the loss of national traditions in the form of clothing is lost and the offensive spirit. During this period, AV Suvorov said: "The powder is not powder, curls are not cannons, do not spit broadsword, and I'm not a German but a natural hare. The Germans do not know, saw them only from behind. He believed that the uniform should be proud of the military, reflect the spirit of the nation.

 In a Russian army uniform thug Napoleon? Fusilier (1797-1801). Fig. VI Semenov All this gave rise to a backlash: were dismissed, demoted or exiled 7 General-Field Marshal, 300 generals, more than two thousand staff and senior officers. When the captain is not needed for the adoption of parades, and to guide the Army in wartime, Paul I returned from disgrace Suvorov. On the first day of the Italian campaign, AV Suvorov ordered the soldiers to unbutton and take off their uniforms Pavlov's hair.

Military transformation of Paul I, the Russian army inflicted heavy damage, but totally erase from it the spirit Rumyantsev and Suvorov could not. In 1801, after accession to the throne of Emperor Alexander I, the army began major reforms, including improving the uniform. Were abolished elaborate hairstyles. Military uniforms became more comfortable, but until Ekaterininsky it still was far away. In 1802 the Russian army entered coat of thick gray cloth. The lower ranks wore coat with high collar and epaulets. On the coats of officers and generals epaulettes was not, it was worn with a cape (long neck).

Of particular importance to the military uniform as a symbol of military honor and national dignity, acquired during the Napoleonic wars 1805-1807 years, 1812, subsequent foreign campaigns. During this period, soldiers and officers of the infantry to wear short coats frachnogo type faldochkami. Guards regiments different from the army special sewing pattern on the collar and cuffs of his sleeves. Casual headdress was shako - cylindrical, slightly expanding the top of leather or cloth hat with a small brim and a special chin strap. On top of the shako was attached oval repeek - scrambled eggs, which for each company had its own coloring. For repeek inserted white or colored plume of feathers. At the shako worn etishket - wicker suspensions with tassels. Coat of Arms on the Guard shakos was in the form of an eagle on the army - Grenada, the gunners - the crossed cannon barrels.

 In a Russian army uniform thug Napoleon? The chief officers of the Tatar and Chuguevsky uhlans regiments (1812) Fig. O. Parkhaeva Instead Sharovarov were introduced trousers: a cloth-soled gauntlets - in the winter, linen - in the summer. The officers instead of cloth could wear trousers of elk leather.

Hussars - light cavalry - were short-dolman jacket with a low collar, embroidered woolen cords. A warm jacket, cloak, looks just like dolman, but lined with fur, worn in a warm cloak on his left shoulder, and in winter - put on the sleeves. Forms are complemented by breeches-chakchiry who embroidered with colored cords, and low boots. Instead, epaulets and shoulder straps hussars wore special harnesses. Ranks among the hussars were determined by plating lace dolman and dolman. In bad weather wore a raincoat and winter jacket. Hussar uniforms embroidered with twisted cords, were the most vivid and colorful in the cavalry.

Lancers - too light cavalry, but in contrast to the hussar armed with spears, wore a dark blue jacket with red lapels. The peculiarity of their forms were long tight-fitting trousers with stripes to be worn over boots. On his head wore a hat-Ulanka up to 22 cm with a square top, decorated with silver etishketnymi cords with two brushes and the Sultan of feathers. Instead epaulettes of the officers and soldiers - epaulets.

 In a Russian army uniform thug Napoleon? Cavalry officers in uniform. (1812) Fig. O. Parkhaeva cuirassiers - heavy cavalry, were blacking iron cuirass, the officers - polished brass, helmets with plumes of horse hair, usually black. Cuirassier uniform consisted of white suede tunic, plated black tie, trousers or tight-fitting leggings and high boots. In the campaign wore gray leggings and short boots.

Dragoons - riders average cavalry, wore a uniform, close to the cut of the infantry: a double-breasted jacket with tails, white trousers, and a hike - gray, covered with leather in the seat breeches over his boots. On his head - high helmets from pumpovoy skin with a hair comb.

For all the soldiers' coats, and uniforms only infantrymen, artillerymen, and the dragoons cuirassiers wore epaulettes. Officers (except hussars) relied on their uniforms epaulets. Outside the building in this period began to wear caps (the soldiers caps), which were originally introduced in the cavalry, and then in separate armed forces.

In this form the Russian army defeated the hordes of Napoleon, and covered their banners with unfading glory.

 
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