Who really discovered Australia?



Who really discovered Australia? Often the story of one pampered and completely overlooks the other unjust. Examples are numerous.

Captain Cook ever recorded in history as the discoverer of Australia. The sad fate that befell the gallant captain, known, probably, every student, but now many people know that before Cook visited the coast of the continent and the Egyptians and the Europeans? It is possible that their foot stepped on the shores of Australia.

Can you imagine that the ancient Egyptians knew about the existence of Australia? Scientists meet - quite. The fact that in the study period, the mummy of the New Kingdom, the researchers discovered: for embalming the ancient Egyptians used the composition, which consisted of eucalyptus oil, moreover, this oil could be obtained only from the eucalyptus trees that grow on ... the north-east Australia. It turns out that the ancient mariners have been there? The exact answer, however, has not yet been given. Another fact confirming the existence of a sea link between the continents - silhouettes carved on Australian rocks. These figures are rather similar to the inhabitants of the ancient Near East than in the Australian Aborigines. The finds were made on the northern coast of Australia. There were also found images of beetles, similar to the sacred to the ancient Egyptian scarabs.

The Europeans, apparently, is also aware of the existence of Australia long before Cook. In the Middle Ages walked stories about that in the Southern Hemisphere, though there is a large continent. But no one saw. In the legends of the unknown land called the "terra incognita australius", or "unknown southern land", from whence the name of Australia.

We can assume that the first Europeans who visited the continent, were the Dutch. They opened it, making the trip between the Netherlands and the island of Java - the Dutch colony in South Asia. The fact that the ships coming from the Netherlands to Java, usually skirted the southern coast of Africa - Cape of Good Hope and then crossed the Indian Ocean with a tail wind. Many sailors swam too far to the east before turning north in the direction of Java, and thus fell on the west coast of Australia. The first European to have reached the shores of Australia, is 1,111,112. Willem Willem [/url] . He called them explored the coast of New Zealand, but later this name was used for the two major islands, discovered in 1642 by Dutch captain Abel Tasman. Tasmania was also able to open the island which now bears his name (Tasmania). This navigator has proved that Australia - not an archipelago, and the single continent, and gave him the name New Holland.

After more than a hundred years the British, apparently realizing that gave blunder and missed the first chance to start exploring new lands, yet they sent on a voyage of Captain James Cook. In 1770, Cook discovered the east coast of Australia and named it New South Wales. And already in 1788 not far from the modern Sydney came first British colony, has long served as a place of exile for various English rabble.

  {related-news}