Who said good-bye Yesenin in his poem "Good-bye, my friend ...»? Part 1

Who said good-bye Yesenin in his poem "Good-bye, my friend ...»? Part 1 Sheet of paper with the parting line Yesenin, written in blood, brought to the Hotel Angleterre December 28, 1925 by his friend, the poet of twenty-Wolf Erlich and explained how he had found. However, the investigators did not use this farewell to the death of the famous Russian lyrics, fearing any questions and suspicions. And, in fact: many of the details in the version of suicide, for example, cuts on his right hand, made no left-handed, looked improbable. Not found in the room and pens, which were written the bloody words.

 Yesenin maintained friendly relations with the poet Ehrlich since April 1924, and it seemed odd that it was for this young man, met him at the Hotel Angleterre, he addressed some reason, on paper with words of farewell. It is possible that both thought and the investigator, explaining the "dear Vova, what grounds will not do this precious piece of evidence for suicide.

Ironically, it is goodbye after seven decades, some researchers would consider the main proof of voluntary withdrawal from the poet's life. Literary critics will also assert that this is a clever forgery: those lines, they say, the style could not be written by Sergei Yesenin. There was a version that these dying words composed by the poet James Blumkin. However, the examination concluded: "handwritten poem made by Esenin Sergei Alexandrovich."

This conclusion is consistent with the behavior of the Trotskyists who have passed on a piece of death-row in the Pushkin House in crushing for them. It is unlikely that they would take risks, whether it is a fake farewell, to the same poets, Ehrlich and James Blyumkin text could devise more appropriate for such a sad case. Last address to friends might sound like this: "Good-bye, dear, good-bye. My dear, you are in my chest ....

From the recollections of some of the Leningrad poets and writers, it is clear that later became Ehrlich deny the dedication poem to him before death, although in the book memory Yesenin, published in 1926, asserted, describing the last four days of the poet: "Sergey bends down to the table, pulls out his notebook shows a distance: poems. Then said, folding a sheet of four and putting me in the pocket of his jacket: "This is for you. I still do not you write it? ". In written impromptu Yesenin appealed to Ehrlich, calling him by name: "Dear Vova, cool ...".

Who actually designed the note knew for sure, and Erlich, and one of the key witnesses, the journalist Georgi Ustinov, and, of course, Lev Davidovich Trotsky noted in his article on the poet's "Peasant Russia:" He left, saying goodbye to the blood unmarked another ... "" Who wrote Yesenin blood in your last hour? Maybe he perekliknulsya so a friend who was not even born, a man coming era ...».

Long time no one questioned the approval Wolf Ehrlich (Vovochka) that this poem Yesenin wrote shortly before his death. Each line in a strange farewell message to the poet, written in blood, was carefully analyzed after the nineties of the twentieth century originated and evolved version of the staging suicide Yesenin. There was a even a suggestion that the poet could turn to other-woman.

In 1930, the piece of paper with a farewell Yesenin transferred to the Pushkin House is not "cute Vova", and George E. Gorbachev, an active member of the Trotsky-Zinoviev opposition and one of the organizers Litfronta "preached the views of Leon Trotsky in the Soviet literature. Why is dying poem was with him, he explained simply: "From Ehrlich. In 1932, George Gorbachev was expelled from the party and during the Great Terror of Stalin's repression.

Wolf Ehrlich managed to live five years longer Yesenin: omnipresent authorities arrested him in Yerevan, where he might be planning to move abroad. "Vova nice" shot as a spy in November 1937 and consigned to oblivion laconic musical legacy of the poet, akin to the revolution. Thirty-five years ago, the rabbi of the city of Simbirsk recorded June 7, 1902 that "a pharmacist Joseph Lazarevic Ehrlich from his lawful wife Anna Moiseyevna born son, who according to the rites of the Mosaic law given the name Wolf." In his native town, he graduated from high school and enrolled first at the medical faculty of Kazan University, and then moved to the History and Philology.

In difficult times of famine in 1921, Ehrlich moved (or helped him move powerful friends) in Leningrad and became friends with poets Imagists, cultivated a "clean" image, whose literary group consists of up to 1924 and Yesenin. Beginner poet took part in literary discussions, where party politics was discussed in the art of the participants, Leon Trotsky. Yesenin on these charges remembered as a companion with a reputation for rowdy drunkard, do not stick with the revolution. In November 1923, "muzhikovstvuyuschih rhymer" led him sternly have studied in public a friendly court.

On the poet was brought up more than a dozen criminal cases involving drunken brawls, and several times he had to go to prison in the Lubyanka: 'kicker from Ryazan publicly obrugival party leadership and censorship. The last case of different political subtext: he was accused of anti-Semitism and preparing trial. Yesenin not get along with two fellow travelers on the train of the Baku-Moscow, when he returned in the early autumn of 1925 with Sophia Tolstoy home.