Who said good-bye Yesenin in his poem "Good-bye, my friend ..."? Part 3



Who said good-bye Yesenin in his poem "Good-bye, my friend ..."? Part 3 Galina Benislavskuyu Yesenin called a true friend and a "real zabotnitsey. He wrote to her for eight months before his death in the Hotel Angleterre : "Gal, dear! I repeat to you that you are very, very dear to me. Yes, and you yourself know that without your participation in my life would be very much sorry. It is much better than I feel for women. You are in my life without it is so close, that can not express. "

 However, perhaps it is part "zabotnitsy" in the fate of the poet in December 1925 led to a rapid tragic end of his life. Friend Benislavskoy Pauline Buckle recalled: "She felt guilty for his death ...".
  
The woman wore a middle name and surname of his stepfather - Arthur Kazimirovich Benislavskogo. She was born two years later Yesenin and raised as a child nurse mother Nino, a Georgian by nationality, but of his father, a Frenchman career, knew nothing - a connection the mother, is rumored to have been accidental. Galina graduated from High School in St. Petersburg with a gold medal and the same in 1917 joined the Bolshevik party. After an argument with foster parents who had not accepted Bolshevism, she went to Kiev in the hope of obtaining a university education there.

During the civil war had to interrupt their studies, and on the recommendation of his father of his girlfriend Janina Kozlovskaya Galina job at the Extraordinary Commission for the beginning of an influential lawyer Krylenko, where she worked until 1923 until she was offered cooperation in the newspaper "The poor", the editor of which was Leo S. Sosnowski , despising poetry "muzhikovstvuyuschego" Comedy. Her office in the apparatus of NV Krylenko probably not touched on relations with the poet, although according to the close ties he feared Cheka its "zabotnitsy.

Perhaps it was a fateful day, December 3, 1925 Yesenin agreed to a proposal dear friend and influential friends in the leather jackets: secretly leave the clinic and go to Leningrad, where he had been ready to assist in the departure from Russia. It would be strange if "dear Galia, who considered himself the only true friend of the poet, did not participate in the destiny of Yesenin in this difficult and dangerous time for him. Three days later, on December 6, Yesenin asked his sister Kate to send a telegram to Ehrlich that found him housing.

Galina Benislavskuyu found dying after a shot in the heart of the Vagankovskoye cemetery near the grave of Sergei Yesenin. She departed this life after a breakup with his son Lev Davidovich Trotsky, leaving a strange note: "suicide" here, although I know that after that even more dogs to be hanged on Comedy. But both him and me it will be all the same. In this tomb for me the most expensive, so finally spit on Sosnowski and public opinion, which have Sosnowski on about.

Friends probably guessed that she wanted to say, and has appeared on her grave the inscription: "True to Galya. Lev Semenovich Sosnowski in 1923, joined the Trotskyists and the newspaper "The poor", they edited, organized persecution Yesenin constantly publishing satirical articles and "letters to workers" who are ready to deal with the "kulak poet." Maybe she learned that powerful friends of the GPU, threatening violence, tried to promote the rescue of the arbitrary court decisions, and sending abroad to persuade Sergei, not only to peaching, but also to creative writing under the supervision of the Trotskyists.

Galina Benislavskaya remained loyal friend to the poet to the last minutes of his life, to break off relations with Lev Sedov, Trotsky's son and another revenge Lev, reversing his career for the persecution of Comedy. The old Bolshevik Sosnowski, who joined in 1923 to a new opposition, was expelled from the party in 1927, the 15th Congress of the CPSU (B) and repressed in the worst year of Stalin's Great Terror.

Yet it is unlikely that the last line of farewell dedicated to "beloved Gala": in Moscow the poet had the opportunity to meet with Benislavskoy and talk about their future plans, if only she was not their author. It was her Wolf Ehrlich sent a telegram on December 28 that she reported the death of Nasedkin Comedy.

If the "dear Gal" actually participated in its move to Leningrad, then perhaps she could not forgive himself for having dragged Yesenin in private practice in a fierce the struggle between Stalin and the new opposition to the Fourteenth Congress. She did not finish his memoirs about the poet, did not explain why the decided to kill himself: perhaps not able to live with a sense of irretrievable loss, whether with a cargo of guilt of complicity in the tragedy. If she believed that he committed suicide, then why not come to say goodbye to him? Why severed all relations with Trotsky's son? Why cast to write memoirs of Sergei Yesenin, talking about the last months of his life? Why are destroyed part of the material written "sweet Galia"?

 
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