In 1600, in Rome, was burned at the stake Giordano Bruno 1,111,119. . A renowned scholar, phi" />

Why not dream of our philosophy?



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 Why not dream of our philosophy? In 1600, in Rome, was burned at the stake [url=http://www.shkolazhizni.ru/archive/0/n-15092/] Giordano Bruno 1,111,119. .

A renowned scholar, philosopher and freethinker aroused indignation of all the authority of the Church - and Catholics and Protestants. In Elizabethan England it was no more welcome than in the papal Italy. The only exception was a group of thinkers who call themselves "school nights".

 The famous poet, warrior and diplomat Philip Sidney personally invited him to England and adopted as a dear guest, achieving for his permission to read the Oxford lectures. Bruno held in England a few months. Participants in the School of Night "actively attended his lectures. Later, they discussed the idea of Bruno at their meetings.

Shortly before Copernicus overthrew the geocentric Ptolemaic system, and center of the universe instead of Earth's sun. Bruno went on to Copernicus, creating a theory about the many worlds scattered throughout the infinite universe. However, it was not the only or even the first scientist to propose this incredibly daring for the time hypothesis.

One of the participants' school night "was a scientist Томас Диггс, родившийся в Кентербери, как и Марло . His father, Leonard Diggs, invented the "lens", now known under the name of the telescope, and Thomas still in his youth could see the starry sky as much as before is not an argument anyone. The sight so impressed him that he devoted his life to the study of astronomy and advanced the hypothesis of a plurality of worlds in a few years before Bruno.

Among the papers Diggs kept a portrait of the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe. This portrait shows a heraldic shield Braga with names written on it: Sophie and Eric Rosencrantz Guildenstern. A laboratory scientist was located near the castle Helsingor - a prototype of Elsinore.

Shakespeare, Peter Asher found in the speeches of Hamlet set of terms used Diggs in his writings: "the opposition", "retrograde", "connection", "climax", "tranformatsiya. Hamlet, a student at Wittenberg University, knew revolutionary scientific theories. No wonder Claudius as opposed to his return to the university. Incidentally, the name "Claudius" appeared only in the second edition of "Hamlet" - or in one source play of this name (not Danish) was not. Some researchers saw it as an allusion to the Roman Emperor Claudius. Asher also said communication with another character of the ancient world - on behalf of Claudius Ptolemy.

Sarcasm Hamlet about his long stay in the sun may allude to the heliocentric system of Copernicus. Copernicus was buried in Poland - perhaps on the same tiny plot of land for the sake of conquest which Fortinbras started a military campaign in Poland.

Russian-speaking readers are accustomed to read: "There are more things on earth, Horatio, what our philosophy has not dreamed of." However, in the original Hamlet says: "There are more things in heaven and earth.

Four times, describing the man, the Prince uses the word "infinity". Man, the microcosm as infinite and mysterious, like the universe, glass spheres which have collapsed, and the curtain opened for their boundless and unfathomable cosmos.

Ten years before Hamlet London audience saw on stage another researcher, eager to learn the secrets of the universe. He was a hero of the play Marlowe, and its name was Faust.

The image of Faust is largely autobiographical. As participants of the "School Night", he yearns for knowledge and the demands of Mephistopheles' book, which explains the luminaries and planets, as well as their ways and locations. Demon immediately gives him the text. Faust scan it and throws with the words: "You're lying." The dialogue hints at a discussion held in Oxford between Bruno and university luminaries.

In 1616 the second edition of "Faust". It has several new scenes. Officially, it is believed that changes in the text have two little-known playwrights, which are specifically hired for this purpose, the owner of the theater "Rose" Philip Henslou. However, it is unclear why they made to play a new storyline, rather voluminous and risky. In the new edition of Bruno appears at the papal court - rather, it brought in chains. After interrogation, he imposed the death sentence. But Faust and Mephistopheles released Bruno and carry away from Italy.

New character's name is Bruno Saxon - meaningful name if you remember the early history of Hamlet from the pen of Saxo Grammaticus and Wittenberg - the Free University in Europe, which studied the Copernican system - was in Saxony.

Hamlet knows not only astronomy, but also the anatomy. He describes a professional blood circulation in the human body. Perhaps, the author drew his information from the works of Miguel Servet - medical scientist, who, like Bruno, was burned at the stake in Geneva. His executioner was a fanatical Protestant, John Calvin, who hated both carnal and spiritual joy and banned not only improper thoughts, but also balls, theaters and fancy clothes.

The deadly and irreconcilable enemies - the Catholic and Protestant - with the same fury, defended the medieval model of the universe, resting on three pillars: the dogmas of the Bible, the logic of Aristotle and Ptolemy's cosmogony, trying to drive into the Procrustean bed of their limitless depths of space and identity, opening the minds of thinkers, creators and visionaries Renaissance. The battle for free thought and creativity, based on reason and intuition rather than prescriptions and dogmas, was truly heroic and often led to a tragic end.

 
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