Why skill of the artist Vereshchagina called startling?



Why skill of the artist Vereshchagina called startling? In 1860, the best graduate of the Naval College, which was intended for a brilliant career, tendered his resignation. Defying her parents and the public opinion seventeen Vasily Vereshchagin preferred prestigious naval service hard work of the painter. But after parting with the army, in his work, he remained true to the military theme.

All my life to Vasily Vereshchagin image of war. He was the first battle-painter saw in it not a heroic act, not a triumph of the generals, and the blood, grief and the greatest tragedy. All of his work Vereshchagin argued that the war "for each hour of glory have thirty, forty, and perhaps many more hours of pain and suffering of every kind. Paintings master compels the viewer to cry and be horrified, damn carnage and their initiators. Each of his show was an event. At the end of the XIX century it became the most famous in Europe and America, Russian painter.

Its success was not accidental. Vereshchagin got a good art education: attended classes at the Drawing School Society for the Promotion of artists, three years studied at the Academy of Fine Arts, honed skills in Paris at the Studio of Fine Arts, Jerome J..

From Paris, the artist twice in the years 1863-1865. traveled to the Caucasus. The result was a series of trips Caucasian figures, which in 1867 he exhibited at the Academy of Arts.

 Why skill of the artist Vereshchagina called startling? "Surprise" Since 1867 the artist traveled to Central Asia. He was attracted by the monuments of ancient culture, customs and traditions of indigenous peoples, their unique way of life. With the beginning of the war against the Emir of Bukhara Vereshchagin located at the Russian army, participating as an artist in the Central Asian campaign. He strives to capture on paper all the features of this severe and unusual for the Russian army of war. But the situation develops so that he has to take up arms. Manufactured in the ensigns Vereshchagin differs in many battles for his heroism was awarded the Order of St. George 4 degrees - the most honorable military award. By the way, he is the only known Russian artists awarded this medal.

At the end of hostilities crowded impressions Vereshchagin goes to Munich for three years wrote a series of paintings, called "Turkestan". Featured in the exhibition, the painting shocked the audience and brought the artist fame. On the canvases "mortally wounded", "surprise", "Forgotten Soldier", "Winners" townsfolk saw the first war without embellishment.

 Why skill of the artist Vereshchagina called startling? "The Apotheosis of War" special, produced an indelible impression on all the painting "The Apotheosis of War", completing the series. In the foreground on the background of desert landscape with ruins of houses and burned trees pyramid of human skulls and a flock of crows. For a plot of the artist took a historical fact - such terrible marks left on his way brutal conqueror Tamerlane. Turkestan series of paintings was acquired PM Tretyakov for his gallery, demonstrating the undoubted success and recognition of the artist.

Skill Vereshchagin was called startling. For many of the masters were a challenge as an assault on their right not hesitate to sacrifice other people's lives. Field Marshal von Moltke German soldiers forbade him to attend the exhibition, and the Cardinal Ganglbauer held in Vienna, the procession to "cleanse" those who have seen the "blasphemous" canvases.

 Why skill of the artist Vereshchagina called startling? "Forgotten Soldier" in Russia related to the paintings Vereshchagin, too, was not straightforward. Common people and progressive intellectuals have adopted them enthusiastically. "When you look at this giant, all around it seems so small and insignificant" - said Vereshchagin Repin. The ruling elite adopted the work of the painter "in arms". Alexander II called him a "nihilist", and "right" the press began hounding. Driven to a nervous breakdown artist destroyed three canvases: "They went," surrounded - persecuted "," Forgotten Soldier ". And only the strong intervention of itinerant artists and prominent artists was able to support the master.

Defiantly rejecting the proposed Academy of Arts professors, Vereshchagin, in 1874, left for India and Tibet. The result of this visit was a great "Indian series of paintings. During his life he created several series of large paintings. But the most interesting of the two - the Balkan and the Patriotic War of 1812.

The artist wants to see everything with my own eyes, feel - through which soldiers are inhuman suffering, getting the victory. In the Russian-Turkish war and the troops he is forcing the Danube, with the sailors went to blow up Turkish monitor, a detachment of General Skobelev commits a winter crossing of the Balkans, freezing in the frozen trenches on the Shipka, is involved in the storming of Plevna. The result of the experience and what they saw was a series of 25 paintings and 50 sketches, in which the artist has put a particle's own life, the pain of the soul. "I'm too close to the heart that I write - he confessed - literally wept mount each of the injured and killed.

Long time artist nurtured plan to write a great cycle of paintings devoted to the Patriotic War of 1812, which studied the archival materials, visit places of battles. "The goal I had one - he wrote - to show the pictures of the twelfth, the great national spirit of the Russian people, his dedication and heroism ...».

 Why skill of the artist Vereshchagina called startling? The End of the Battle of Borodino "For many of us just pictures Vereshchagin and Lermontov's poem" Borodino "started the knowledge of this tragic and great events in the life of Russia. The picture of the series "The End of the Battle of Borodino" often publish articles on the war in 1812 without any hesitation, that it shows jubilant French cuirassiers littered with corpses at the Russian position.

All his life the artist travels a lot. In 1884, he visited Syria and Palestine, wrote a series of paintings on the themes of the New Testament. In 1890, travels to the north of Russia, the Caucasus and Crimea. Twice visited America, where he successfully held his exhibitions. In 1901-1902. makes a long voyage, visited the Philippine Islands and Cuba, in 1903 - Japan.

  {related-news}