Whose name I'm 30 years old had to mention almost as often as your own?



Whose name I'm 30 years old had to mention almost as often as your own? Random glanced at the laptop screen's eldest son, a student at the Moscow Medical Academy named after Sechenov. He was preparing a report. And again I saw the name that came into my life 50 years ago and has 30 years had to write and call almost as often as his own. The forms, letters and conversations. It was even entered in my passport. And now the same name will accompany the future life of my son ...

In 1957 we moved to a new Kazan 1,111,112. apartment 1,111,117. street Sechenov. I was too young, and later, knew only that he was a physiologist. The son, though chose the medical profession, too little, as it turned out, knew about this man. But once climbed into the Internet. I went to my room and did the same thing. And that's what we know today.

Ivan Mikhailovich Sechenov was born in 1829 in Simbirsk Province. After his father's death, the military is following in his footsteps and in 1843 he entered the Petersburg Main Engineering School. But subsequent military service is not attracted to him. After serving two years after resigning in 1851, he joined a volunteer in the Moscow University Medical School and graduated in 1856 "in the degree of doctor with honors from the provision of ... the rights of protected dissertations receive a diploma on the degree of Doctor of Medicine" . On the resulting mother's death inherited Sechenov going to study in Germany, where he engaged not only in biological disciplines, but also physics and analytical chemistry. Useful knowledge gained in the engineering college. Outside of close friendship arose Sechenov SP Botkin, DI Mendeleyev, AP Borodin.

After defending a doctoral dissertation in 1860 "Materials for the physiology of alcohol intoxication", the experiments for which bet on himself, Ivan Mikhailovich Sechenov returned to Russia and became a professor at St. Petersburg Medical Academy.
Here he created the first Russian physiological school, which had initially physicochemical direction. Even in his doctoral dissertation Sechenov advanced position of the peculiarity of reflexes whose centers lie in the brain, and a number of ideas that contributed to the subsequent study of the brain.

In 1863, the Russian magazine "Medical Journal" published an article Sechenov, Reflexes of the brain. It was first shown that the entire complex mental life of man, his behavior is dependent on external stimuli. Any stimulus causes a response of the nervous system - a reflex.

In 1866, out of print classic work of Sechenov's "Physiology of the nervous system. Central to this book is the idea of self-regulation and backward linkages, developed in the future cybernetics. This idea led to the concept of Sechenov signal and the organizational level of the signals as regulators of conduct.

After ten years of work, due to accusations of free-thinking (friendship with Chernyshevsky - section is the prototype of Dr. Kirsanov - one of the heroes of the novel Chernyshevsky "What?"), Ivan Mikhailovich leaves the Academy and worked for some time in the lab, which was led by his old each DI Mendeleev. Then a few years a professor of Novorossiysk University in Odessa, where he invited another friend - Mechnikov.

 Whose name I'm 30 years old had to mention almost as often as your own? Portrait of Sechenov brush Repin
 In 1890 Sechenov deals with problems of psychophysiology and the theory of knowledge. The course of lectures delivered to them at Moscow University, formed the basis of "Physiology of nerve centers" (1891). In this work Sechenov analyze the range of different neural phenomena, from the unconscious reactions of animals to higher forms of perception in humans. An important aspect of his research activities have also been working on the physiology of gas exchange, pulmonary composition of air, the respiratory function of blood.

The characterization of the creative work of Sechenov gave his pupil and friend, KA Timiriazev: "Hardly any of his contemporary physiologists ... had such a wide coverage in their own research, starting with physics research in the field of dissolved gases and ending with the research in the field of neurophysiology and strictly scientific psychology ... If we add to this brilliant remarkably simple, clear form, in which he clothed his thoughts, it becomes clear that the wide influence it had on Russian science, the Russian thought even far beyond their audience and their own specialty. "

Sechenov was friends with the historian Kliuchevskii, physicists and minds Stoletov, Repin and Ivanov, singer Nezhdanova. In the Tretyakov Art Gallery hang his portrait by Repin.

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