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How many languages can learn a person?



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 How many languages can learn a person? We marvel when we hear from friends: "My son/daughter studying English, German, French, and further deals with the Italian language." Sympathize this child and think how much you can fit in my head and not get confused?

Begs the question: how many languages can learn a person? One, two, three ... Ten? ..

History keeps dozens of outstanding polyglot. There were many among the princes of Kievan Rus', among the scholars of the Middle Ages. Danish linguist Rasmus Rusk talked to 230 languages. German linguist Schutz - 270, Wilhelm von Humboldt - the great German scholar and statesman - to 117 languages. Known researcher of ancient Troy Schliemann knew about 60 languages. Russian language, according to him, he mastered for 6 weeks.

The ability to quickly master a foreign language is not always perceived as a great blessing. Thus, in the XVII century in Finland, was sentenced to death by a student who could quickly learn a foreign language. He was charged that he was "bewitched the devil.

Engels mastered 17 languages. We found a letter written by him in his teenage years, in 9 languages. It is sufficiently mastered and Russian. His letter to the Russian revolutionaries, he signed "Fyodor".

Polyglots were and Russian linguist, MN Peterson (he knew 123 languages), and Italian professor Talyavani (102 languages).

Leo Tolstoy spoke fluently Russian, French, English, German, easily read in Greek and Latin, Spanish, Italian, Czech and Polish, Bulgarian and other languages. In 25 of his cabinet in the library Yasnaya stored about 22000 books and magazines in 35 languages worldwide.

Also, there are people who are far from linguistics, but they say or can quickly learn the language: the librarian of Karakalpakstan (Central Asia), a schoolboy from Budapest, the storekeeper from Kiev. A lot have people who speak 30 - 50 languages.

How much time would it take to learn at least some words of a language? For example, you want to learn 15,000 words. Each word in the middle there are 3 values. Multiply 15,000 by 3 (45000 turns). Each value the average of 5 options for use. Multiply 45,000 by 5 (225000 turns). If each of 225,000 words take on a minute, turns out 225,000 minutes or 3750 hours or 10 years (if you do one hour a day). It is an active vocabulary.

With regard to passive vocabulary, then on the development of 15,000 words will take about 5-7 times faster, ie about 750 hours.

It turns out, not so easy task and - to break into the ranks of polyglot. But foreign languages help you better understand and own, and foreign cultures.

Man must use all its capabilities. After all, if you wish, and without some effort, anyone can learn at least one foreign language, and there are several other, related to him. For example, knowing the Moldovan language is easy to learn Italian, Portuguese and, of course, Romanian. And vice versa. Well knowing the Russian language, you can learn the Belarusian and Ukrainian.

We live in a civilized world, where you can fly to another country for the weekend, where you can chat with friends from all over the world where the computer is in virtually every home and requires a knowledge of English. The person must comply with such a life.

 
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