What Kant called "the thing in itself" and what you can learn from him?



What Kant called "the thing in itself" and what you can learn from him? February 12, 1804 in Knigsberg had a great mourning - her heart stopped beating a great patriot of the city, the philosopher Immanuel Kant. This wizened old man, which in recent years Koenigsbergers synchronize watches, died at the hands of the sister, by the time my brother and he broke off all relations.

Woe was so genuine, that Kant did not want to "let go". Instead of the two-day farewell, the ceremony took more than two weeks. It was only on Feb. 28, 1928 the best local university students, known as Albertine hands carried the coffin with the deceased to the place of his final resting.

About how the philosopher Kant was - many known only by hearsay: not so easy to overcome at least the "Critique of Pure Reason. And most of the current inhabitants it to anything: philosophy of life and survival dictates its laws today. Well if someone is reading much more popular today, the book "The Master and Margarita", remember scientific dispute Woland with Kant about the existence of God. I want them a little disappoint - Kant never "withdrew" personal proof is a myth.

What was he, this genius of his century? To this it is interesting to look, to draw something useful for themselves.

Let's start from birth. Emmanuel was the fourth child in the family saddler, or if you wish, articulated as a master. It was hereditary, because my grandfather was a famous philosopher of the future only for its heavy-duty and fine saddles for horses. It so happened that the "little man" as lovingly called Immanuel by his mother Regina, was the first surviving child in the family. In the God-fearing group of society did not recognize abortion, and therefore a total of Regina gave birth 11 times, but survived, except the philosopher, much less than half. Some researchers insist that Kant had three brothers and a sister, but the German Cronenberg insists that her brother was one, as a sister. Maybe so.

As I said earlier, in childhood and adolescence Kant was a very frail child. A narrow chest, uneven gait, no noble descent - another would have developed dozens of complexes. But Emmanuel limited only by one - an incredible shyness. And could win it very soon - well aware that even after 1755 when Immanuel was over 30, and he received to lecture at the Albertina, a philosopher, has defended three times a degree, failed to cope with anxiety. He spoke in a barely audible and often recovered. We the people those people called a little sharply: laggard.

Perhaps this is why Kant was a professor for 15 years - only in 1770, he "smiled" Dept. of logic and metaphysics.
In the same year Kant wrote to his friend Marc Hertz, that the thought of writing and hopes to finish it in three months. The naive scientist - "Critique of Pure Reason" was published only 11 years later - in early 1781.

But back to "things in themselves. First, that Kant associates with the concept - his voluntary seclusion from 1746 and 1755 years when the future philosopher contented post a private tutor and as they say, the nose did not seem to different, as is now customary to say, "hangouts." Sitting below the grass, quiet water.

The second point - Kant is not very fond of female society, although true for some of the fair sex is very condescending. But he had never been married, and no one can boast that record the fact that Kant shared with someone in his bed. Spiteful critics immediately built a theory that the philosopher really wants to live to old age, and therefore protects its own forces. How could then place a woman?
This self-love, is not an indication that a person is a glaring manifestation of things in themselves?

And about women Kant once said: "A woman does not like to give myself and therefore do not get drunk. She is weak and therefore tricky. Least of all a philosopher would be obhitrennym.
And finally, the third - which Kant would not invite - not what to teach, and even to lecture - he never left his native city, which led to the nickname of Kant in the scientific community - a recluse from Konigsberg. And who is, in essence, a recluse?
But residents of the capital of East Prussia were very fond of the eccentric professor. Why cranky? He rarely changed his habits, but they were rather strange.
For example, a philosopher, thinking, had a habit of staring into space. He loved the view of the tower, which was visible from the window of his office. But once in the spring, he suddenly noticed that the overgrown branches of the trees in the garden of his neighbor - close review. Professor, I will not stop until until forced neighbor prune the branches to the previous level.

Lectures, Kant is usually selected as the object of one of the students and during the time allotted did not take his eyes off it with him. Once students have not learned of his teacher: he often lost his train of thought, was unusually distracted, stopped and did not immediately able to recall what he was talking. It turned out that the student - the object of contemplation, a professor in the day somewhere lost the button on the coat.

And on the punctuality of Kant was legendary. If he went out in the evening from home - people from the surrounding neighborhoods knew - came exactly 19 hours.
True, one of the episodes ran in memory of the townspeople forever. Kant gave his word to a merchant to Green that will accompany him during the walk, which will begin at 8 am. At 7.50 Green put on his hat, went out and sat in the carriage. When the clock struck 8:00, the merchant immediately drove away. He met Kant in 50 meters from his house, but the latter was too late, even for a moment, Green never stopped, not even saying hello to one another.

Several years Kant spent afternoons at the Green. After lunch, the philosopher came to the merchant, and found him asleep. Then he sat in a chair, thinking, and also fell asleep. The third came to the bank manager Rufman, who did exactly the same way - collapsing into the arms of Morpheus. It was only after some time came Motherby merchant who awoke all this trio, and his friends initiated the lively debate!

It is worth noting Kant's attitude to death. When his friend or loved one was ill, but there was hope for recovery, a philosopher with an alarming attendance watched the health of the patient. But as soon as the death've been taking this man, Kant immediately erasing it from their lives and even the words of sympathy are not "come across".

 
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