Why pianist Neuhaus called "Henry the Great"?



  Why pianist Neuhaus called "Henry the Great"? "Zina, Zina, my only and favorite! You live, and always will live in the most secret corner of my heart. Boris was right before my departure, we had a long talk, and it was painfully good moments, when my pain has won a feeling of love and closeness to him - a man - a poet, Pasternak ... I'm with you related to death, I do know ... " (From a letter by Heinrich Neuhaus for his wife Zinaida Neuhaus. 29.04.1931 PM)

Having lived 12 years in marriage with the famous pianist Heinrich Neuhaus, Zinaida Nikolaevna in 1931, goes not to the less well-known poet Boris Pasternak, who leaves his wife for her. Henry Gustavovich joins his fate with the police Sergueyevna Borodkin, which was known even before he met his first wife. Police S. gave birth to a daughter. Does Zinaida poet? Unknown. Whether she was still with the love of Heinrich Neuhaus? Rather than not. She has been at that time two sons. She is torn "between two fires. All they were guilty, and all were ready to sacrifice themselves. But Pasternak's love outweighs her feelings ...

What preceded these events?

 In Kiev, where Heinrich Neuhaus taught (1919-1922) at the Conservatory, he met his first wife and Boris Pasternak. "This is in Kiev for the first time" his "poetry and" my "music as it brings together", - Talked about the time Neuhaus. They talked about their favorite Chopin, the art ... Kyiv became a refuge for many intellectuals - actors, musicians, writers, hoping to survive the devastation, hunger, cold.

19-year-old Zinaida Neuhaus, his first pupil, then a wife and mother of his children, all the forces gives her husband, trying, as far as possible, to improve his life. In Kiev, the Civil War, she pulls out the wood, heats the Hall of the Conservatory (Neuhaus often played in a coat and gloves with fingers cut off). The price of unimaginable effort before an important concert Zinaida had got a good piano and took him on a cart through the city ... Events of 1917 turned their lives. Before Heinrich Neuhaus opened great prospects. He studied in Berlin with such masters as L. Godowsky, H. Barth, G. Huon. He was lucky to study in school with higher skill of the Vienna Academy of Music. A year later he takes all the external examination at the St. Petersburg Conservatory. Music, according to Henry, he was "infected since childhood.

The first teachers of Henry (friends affectionately called him Harry) were the parents: Olga (nee March Blumenfeld, from a family of musicians) and Gustav Vilgelmovich, who graduated from the Cologne Conservatory. Among the closest relatives - Conductor F. Blumenfeld and Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer, from whose light hand of Henry was given the name "Henry the Great". In this definition, ironic, wise and brilliant Heinrich Neuhaus - pianist and thinker.

Blood in their family are mixed lot - German, Polish, Russian.
Heinrich Neuhaus was born on March 31 (12 April) 1888, 120 years ago in Elisavetgrad (now Kirovograd). The house is always the music. Played on two pianos, eight hands. These "Germans" his tireless struck all around. If Neuhaus went for a walk, so now exactly 9.00. And if the clock shows a different time, "wrong" clock. It is no coincidence Henry Gustavovich recalled: "My father thought that a man who longs for something, always gets its way in this life, and that historical changes, called the revolution - not our business ..." Perhaps, then Heinrich Neuhaus, and had no idea how right his father was ...

In 1922, Neuhaus moved to Moscow at the personal order of the Lunacharskiy. Henry Gustavovich became a professor at the Moscow Conservatory. During the 42 years to continue his teaching activity. In 1935 - 1937 years Neuhaus was the director of the conservatory. Among the disciples of the great pianist - Gilels, S. Richter, J. Zak, who never forgot his teacher, and after his death ...

 The family lived for six years in the same room four. The children slept behind a curtain, and on the other side were two grand. They came to the disciples in the house, not pitchblende, thundering music. But few who have delved into the life hardships endured by Henry Gustavovich. In 1933 he fell ill with diphtheria, survived, but traces of the disease in the form of pareznogo state right hand remained. Hardly anyone expected, which cost the pianist to play and tour, continuing to admire his talent hundreds of thousands of people. Over the years, the disease is increasingly made itself felt.

But trouble never comes alone. He's dying mother and then his father Henry. And then, in the same in 1937, and the eldest son of tuberculosis at the age of twenty years. In 1941 Pasternak's family leaves for evacuation in Chistopol. But Heinrich Neuhaus Gustavovich November 4, 1941 crosses the threshold of the Lubyanka. There he is mid-July of next year. Heinrich Neuhaus was convicted under Art. 58 point 10 h 2 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR and sentenced for anti-Soviet statements to the expulsion from Moscow for five years, with the prohibition to reside in sensitive places. Ibid began his scurvy, dropped almost all his teeth.

Thanks to the efforts of his students Neuhaus allowed to stay in Sverdlovsk. In the Ural State Conservatory with the bad hand he taught until 1944. His wife and daughter lived in Moscow. "I live in the conservatory. The room is good, but the range of sounds ", - He concluded his letter to his wife with humor, without which it would hardly have survived. We must continue to live ...

On the performance of Chopin Neuhaus written hundreds of pages. Game Neuhaus such as himself, - a violent, active, well thought out until the last sound ", - Said of him art I. Andronicus. In 1958, Henry Gustavovich gives his last concerts in Moscow and Kiev. Neuhaus was very proud of his son - a famous musician Stanislav Genrikhovich. They both do not allow any negligence in the game. Son did not spare himself in his work. This quality is passed on to him in the inheritance from his father.

Son of the proud and Zinaida Pasternak (by first marriage - Neuhaus). In her youth she had often said that shines with reflected light, and "shining" - Henry and Boris.
By the end of life Zinaida seen better times. On the advice of relatives, she began to write his memoirs in 1962, two years after the death of BL and four years before his own death.

 
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