Who first took a picture of Tibet? Living and travel Gombozhaba Tsybikova
That we are now looking at China who fear and who was surprised. But in any case - with respect. One billion people, united in one state, to respect themselves forced. However, in the mid-nineteenth century "civilized" European countries were willing to break weakened by the time the Chinese Empire into spheres of influence, then to "civilize" them.
The least secure and least populated, western outskirts of China were chosen both Britain and Russia. The most tasty morsel for the colonialists was Tibet. Tibet - a plateau, located in the heart of Asia at an altitude of 4800 m. Here begins the five great rivers of Asia: the Indus, Brahmaputra, Mekong, Yangtze, Yellow River. More importantly, Tibet - the spiritual center for many millions of followers 1,111,112. Buddhism 11,111,127. . From this perspective, the establishment of control over the capital of Tibet, Lhasa, would have the same meaning as the control of Rome, or, say, in Mecca. Gaining such control was just as desirable as it is difficult.
The name of the great Russian explorer Н.М. Пржевальского (1839-1888) is mostly associated with the open of the wild horse. Meanwhile, a discovery - a small and not the most important episode of his four trips to the deserts of Central Asia. Nikolai Mikhailovich held in 11 of those trips assigned him 50 years of life not from idle curiosity.
The small village, Tibet should be remembered that all this time he was in military service and was an officer of the General Staff of the Russian army. But his expedition, made up mostly of the military, too, were looking for the most convenient way to transport troops into China. And of course, Przewalski trying to find a way to Tibet.
Already during his first trip (1871-1873) he tried to enter the Tibetan Plateau by Lake Kuku-Nor. During his third expedition (1879-1881) Przewalski not reached the Tibetan capital of Lhasa, only 250 miles (300 km). The road to it blocked the Tibetan army. Tibetan Clergy and local people were hostile to attempts by foreigners and non-Christians to enter the holy places.
No more supportive were Tibetans and the British investigators and intelligence officers who were attempting to climb to Lhasa from India. To the Other Tibet was closed! The first reports on the life of this mountainous country made subjects of the British Crown, Indian scientists, Buddhists, on pilgrimage to Lhasa.
Gombozhab Tsybikov first Russian researcher who had risen in Tibet, was also a Buddhist Buryat scholar and orientalist Gombozhab Tsebekovich Tsybikov (1873-1930).
Знания в непривычном виде: старинная буддийская книга Едва ли не сразу по окончании университета Цыбиков совершает путешествие в Тибет. Экспедицию курировали Санкт-Петербургская академия наук и Министерство иностранных дел. Подобно английским исследователям, Цыбиков направился в Лхасу в составе группы паломников – бурят and Mongols. In his luggage he carefully hid his diaries. In the prayer drum was hidden camera. This conspiracy was not at all excessive. If someone discovered that Tsybikov keeps a diary and - even more so - photographs, he would have paid for this life.
Travel to Tibet lasted from 1899 to 1902. In fact in Tibet, the researchers conducted 888 days. Most of this period - from 1900 to 1901. - Tsybikov was in the capital of Tibet - Lhasa and the surrounding monasteries. Here he visited the most important monastic centers and received 11,111,126 audience. Dalai Lama . The main result of the expedition was the book "Buddhist pilgrims at holy sites in Tibet, as well as around 200 unique photos. Thanks Tsybikovu Europeans first saw Tibet.