Stanislav Zhukovsky. As son of a Polish revolutionary became a Russian artist?



  Stanislav Zhukovsky. As son of a Polish revolutionary became a Russian artist? Stanislav Zhukovsky Yulianovich Born May 13, 1875 in the Polish noble family. His father was deprived of the nobility for their active participation in the anti-Russian uprising in 1863, and was proud of not less than the ancient kind. Junior Stanislas has received a good education. First studied in the classical grammar school in Warsaw, then - in a real school in the small town of Bialystok.

It is in Bialystok boy started painting and decided that is sure to become an artist. This happened thanks to a talented painter and teacher, a graduate of Stroganov Art School Sergei Nikitich Southerner who became the first teacher to Zhukovsky painting. Stanislav Yulianovich always remembered his teacher with gratitude. In Russia, a southerner known for little, because, "justifying" his name, a significant part of his creative life in Italy, where he remained most of his works.

Southerner advised Zhukovsky for arts education to choose St. Petersburg Academy of Arts and the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. But this should in some way go against the wishes of his father, who believed that the true Pole should not be educated in Russia. Zhukovsky solved this problem the easiest way - did not put his father to know that going to Moscow, come to learn "on the artist.

  Stanislav Zhukovsky. As son of a Polish revolutionary became a Russian artist? Ледоход (Фото: автор С.Ю. Жуковский, 1890-е гг.) В 1892 году Жуковский стал вольнослушателем знаменитой «московской кузницы художников», как окрестили Училище живописи, ваяния и зодчества газетчики. Станиславу повезло, в этот период в училище преподавали прекрасные художники, уже завоевавшие своей живописью широкую известность не только в России, но и за рубежом. Его учителями стали И.И. Левитан , VD Polenov, NA Kasatkin, SA Korovin, LO Pasternak.

He studied diligently, Stanislav, as evidenced by the small silver medal he received at the exhibitions of the school in 1896 and 1897. The next medal, but a large silver he received in 1901 for the painting "Moonlit Night", presented at the final competition. Thanks to award the medal, Zhukovsky was given the title of class teacher and artist, which allowed to hold official positions in the public service by assigning [url=http://shkolazhizni.ru/archive/0/n-28351/] class rank 11,111,135. . By the way, the picture of "Moonlit Night" by the decision of the special commission was purchased for the Tretyakov Gallery.

  Stanislav Zhukovsky. As son of a Polish revolutionary became a Russian artist? Interior Library stately home (Photo: author Stanislav Zhukovsky, 1910-ies.) During the period of study Zhukovsky became involved in art exhibitions, introducing them lyrical landscapes that still felt a strong impact Levitan. But very quickly the young artist developed his own recognizable style of writing characteristic of wide juicy smear, using a contrasting bright colors and plein air painting style. It is interesting that already in 1903, Zhukovsky was admitted to the Association of Traveling Exhibitions, which was as recognition of the older generation of artists, but it's rarely been able to make the young painters. Given that the first picture of the artist took to the exhibition Wanderers back in 1896, the occurrence of Zhukovsky in the world of Russian paintings could be called more than successful.

Zhukovsky preferred to write his paintings from nature, working very quickly and forcefully imposing juicy bright strokes, ensuring spectacular color relationships, a sense of lightness and freshness. He was a regular participant of many exhibitions, including "World of Art" and "Union of Russian Artists". Repeatedly received for his paintings prestigious prizes and awards. Thus, for the painting "Autumn Evening" presented in 1909 at the International Art Exhibition in Munich, Zhukovsky was awarded the Medal of degree 2. In 1907, Stanislav Yulianovich was awarded the title of academician.

  Stanislav Zhukovsky. As son of a Polish revolutionary became a Russian artist? Брошенная терраса (Фото: автор С.Ю. Жуковский, 1911 г.) Картины Жуковского пользовались большой популярностью, их охотно покупали коллекционеры и любители живописи, а на выставках они всегда привлекали массу зрителей. Особым спросом пользовались его полотна со старыми усадебными парками, обветшалыми «дворянскими гнездами», наполненными солнцем интерьерами дач и усадеб, под окнами которых цветут сирень и жасмины. В них ощущалась поэтичность и легкая элегическая тоска по уходящему в прошлое дворянскому быту, с его неспешными чаепитиями on the verandas and romantic evenings, when the open windows of the grand piano sounds or quiet Perebory guitar strings.

After the death of Zhukovsky, Levitan was one of the most famous landscape painters who worked in the impressionist style. He was proud that he called Russian impressionist, but did not like when his work is compared with the paintings of the French pioneers of the genre. Stanislav Yulianovich sincerely believed that the Russian nature should be written in Russian: "Monet, Cezanne and others - beautiful and very sincere artists. - He said. - But I can not stand when they write the Russian nature, adapting it under the cloth Cezanne. When I see such works, I made literally sick.

  Stanislav Zhukovsky. As son of a Polish revolutionary became a Russian artist? Forest Lake. Autumn (Blue Water) (Photo: author Stanislav Zhukovsky, 1912), Stanislav Yulianovich's travels to the central belt of Russia, traveled to the Crimea, Ukraine and Poland. Summer months, liked to spend in the suburbs of Moscow, Tver, Orel. In 1907, Zhukovsky, Moscow opened an art school where he taught and more than 10 years. The school was two-year and gave primary art education. Incidentally, among the students Zhukovsky was a poet-rebel, Vladimir Mayakovsky.

After the revolution, Zhukovsky was trying to adjust to a new life for himself. He worked in the Moscow Commission for the Protection of works of art and antiquities, was a member of the College of artists at the State Tretyakov Gallery. He participated in the survey [url=http://shkolazhizni.ru/archive/0/n-18066/] private art collections 11,111,135. to select works of art for museums. For a while, worked as an artist-designer and director in the theater in Vyatka. Organized and held two solo exhibitions. Outwardly, everything went more or less safely, but Stanislav Yulianovich understood that the victorious proletariat of his paintings with lyrical landscapes, noble mansions and parks not very much and need.

  Stanislav Zhukovsky. As son of a Polish revolutionary became a Russian artist? The river in the fir forest (Photo: author Stanislav Zhukovsky, 1935) In 1923 in Zhukovsky an opportunity to go abroad, which he used, although more for some time kept his Soviet citizenship. Settled Stanislav Yulianovich in Poland. He continued to work hard, willingly participated in exhibitions, and, spent about eight personal, including one in Paris. As before, received for his paintings prestigious awards and prizes.

During the Nazi occupation Zhukovsky remained in Poland. When we suppress the Germans in the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, Stanislav Yulianovich was captured and sent to a concentration camp, where he died. He was buried in a common grave of the artist.

 
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