"On the Hills of Manchuria". How to Waltz, born in the stockade, began to Russia superhits?

  "On the Hills of Manchuria". How to Waltz, born in the stockade, began to Russia superhits? Remember performed Shulzhenko - "Waltz fought it in his coat was dusty, the waltz of singing to the Manchurian hills. And how many wars took place this waltz, now and do not count. Even today, the waltz "On the Hills of Manchuria" is in the repertoire of almost every brass band. Waltz of the long life of its own, and few today know that he wrote in 1906 a simple regimental bandmaster Ilia Alekseevich Shatrov, who actually fought in the hills of Manchuria.

  "On the Hills of Manchuria". How to Waltz, born in the stockade, began to Russia superhits? Military conductor Ilya Ilya Shatrov Shatrov born in a small provincial town Zemlyanskiy April 1, 1885 in the family of a retired noncommissioned officer. The boy appeared early musical abilities, he taught himself to play the balalaika and accordion. After the death of his father Elias managed to do a graduate musician in command of the Grodno Hussar Regiment stationed in Warsaw. A young military musician quickly learned to play the drum, and then the wind instruments. In 1900 at the request of the commander of the regiment he was admitted to the Warsaw Music Institute. Three years of training at the Department of Military conductors passed quickly, and in 1903 a graduate conductor Ilya Shatrov was assigned to the 214 th Moksha infantry battalion stationed in Zlatoust. The staff of the battalion was enlisted Shatrov conductor without class rank.

  A brief excursion into history. In the regiments and separate battalions of the Russian army before the revolution there were musician team, sometimes significant - up to 50-60 soldiers and noncommissioned officers. Team chief, as a rule, were the regimental adjutant (officers), and the Kapellmeister (conductor) - Military officials, who have the appropriate state councilors titles. The duties included the training of regimental bandmaster musicians, drummers and horn, conducting the orchestra. Also served as bandmaster of the regiment, and other officials: doctors, treasurer, clerk, kvartirmistr. They wore uniforms officer sample, but distinct from the officer signs the differences, embroidery, stripes, lace and etc. Officials who do not have class ranks, wore uniforms without insignia, embroidery and lace, and the sword without strap.

  "On the Hills of Manchuria". How to Waltz, born in the stockade, began to Russia superhits? 58 th Infantry Regiment Pragsky to move into Sandepu. Manchuria. Not later than March 1905
 By the beginning of Russian-Japanese war on the basis of the battalion was set up 214-th regiment of Moksha, which was sent to the army in Manchuria. The regiment participated in many battles, including the famous battle of Liaoyang. Apparently the conductor Shatrov showed them not only a musical genius, as is already the summer of 1904 for "excellent diligent service with the military situation" was awarded the Silver Medal "For Diligence" to wear on Ann's tape. In February 1905, the regiment took its last battle of Mukden. Ten days Mokshantsev fought off fierce attacks the Japanese, the last day, fought in the full environment. In the latest attack regimental commander, Colonel Peter Pobyvanets lifted the soldier under the banner unfurled to the sounds of the march. In front of the regimental band, conducting a sword, was the Kapellmeister tents. Significantly depleted the regiment fought his way out of encirclement, relegate killed in a bayonet charge commander. The courage of military musicians have appreciated, awarding seven surviving non-commissioned officers and soldiers of St. George's crosses. Polk also did not go unrewarded, getting high tsenivshiesya in the Russian Army St. George's silver trumpets. Do not be left unchecked and a military bandmaster. He was awarded the rank of a civic collegiate registrar (consistent rank ensign) and for various times the difference against the Japanese was awarded a military decoration, Stanislav 3 degrees with swords and bows.

In the spring of 1906 Mokshantsev returned to Chrysostom, bringing with him the remains of the dead commander, who was buried near the Simeon church (even in our days on this site is set cross). For the regiment began a peaceful life. Some believe that the new regimental commander sent for any transgressions of Kapellmeister at the guardhouse, where he wrote the first notes of a waltz, dedicated to the victims near Mukden colleagues.

  "On the Hills of Manchuria". How to Waltz, born in the stockade, began to Russia superhits? In September 1906 the regiment was transferred to Samara. Here in the city park in the performance of the regimental band first performed the waltz "Moksha regiment in the hills of Manchuria", which was greeted with indifference parade. But soon came to Elijah Shatrova deserved recognition, but the waltz was spreading rapidly in Russia. The spread of the waltz many contributed Oscar Filippovich Knaub, with whom Shatrov met in Samara. The self-reflective and composer notoizdatel Knaub helped "polish" the waltz and publish it music notation. By 1911, notes reprinted more than 80 times. Established and a short title waltz - "The Hills of Manchuria". And throughout Russia with gramophone resounded:
  "All around was silence, hills covered with mist,
That's because the clouds flashed moon
Graves kept quiet ... "

Before the revolution, was created a significant number of versions of the text of the waltz, but the recognition of these poems were written by a writer and poet Stepan Gavrilovich Petrov, better known under the pseudonym Wanderer.

As its popularity waltz "On the Hills of Manchuria" for a long time had little to none, while abroad it was even called "the Russian national waltz, and compete with them could only" Amur Waves "written by Max Avelevich Cussey how and tents, a regimental conductor passed the Japanese war.

The new peak of popularity of the waltz was at the Great Patriotic War, when he played Ivan Kozlovsky and included in their repertoire of many front-line music brigade.