How to illuminate the road? Part 1



  How to illuminate the road? Part 1 Since ancient times man, going on the road at night, took with him first torches, and then the lamp glass that protects against the wind or the candle wick saturated with oil. Traveler's lights and equip the coach, because if in the dark wheel gets into some pothole, or to Forest, raids on the stump, which could well meet in the middle of the road then, it will have to mark time in the morning in the mud in the rain, striking flint on flint in the vain attempts to ignite damp tinder - matches because there was no.

When were bicycles, they soon means of entertainment, they have become a means of transportation for the postmen, village assistants and veterinarians to be used in any weather. Cycling and also stood with a candle inside the lantern. At the bottom of the flashlight was a pipe, which was falling candle. It is a flashlight on a bicycle rural nurses took for a star srednenevekovy astrologer Nick Culpeper story of Kipling's "Doctor of Medicine". Late at night, when the farm neighborhood - not a light, a small flashlight flickers among the bushes - patients need help, even at night.

The first cars were almost the same lightweight design as bicycles. At first, they also served as entertainment. And when there is a need in the night travel on the cars were put bicycle lanterns. But when the rates began to rise, it was necessary to cover a large section of the road immediately in front of engine crew, and so that was visible every pothole. Came to the rescue lights with acetylene torches, dressed dry carbide. When you add water to the reservoir starts to separate gas, shoffer strike matches, closed glass - and a bright ray of deathly white light struck into the darkness. We deal with carbide teach students at chemistry, and they tremble with fear. A hundred years ago, a complex process of filling and adjust the carbide lamp was commonplace for any Motorists and cyclists.

Clumsy steam trucks, manufactured by Foden, Thorneycroft and Sentinel, covered the road in front of a hefty kerosene and oil lamps, the same as the locomotive. After all, they had no source of electricity.

The car - not the engine. It fully reflect the technological advances of those years. Henry Royce on education was an electrical engineer, so any of his car electric lighting system was standard equipment. Education was an electrician and Italian Vincenzo Lanci, so on his car, too, were electric lights, which was then a novelty. But Henry Royce made cars and more devices such as vibrating distributor - timer - and the electrical audio signal, operating on the same principle.

At Henry Ford vehicles also were electric lights, but the brightness of light depend on the speed of the engine - the Ford was not the battery, electricity was applied to the magneto, and at night the owners of public vehicles used mainly in first gear. On the other hand, if in the dark in a hurry, and neck roll for long, and up gear rarely needed on rural roads of Western states. The vehicles Ford's competitors had battery ignition system, the dry cell, battery power is not enough lighting, so for these machines, as Hapmobil produced by the plant Roberta Happe, were acetylene lamps.

It is worth noting that the housing headlights as acetylene and electric, while made of bronze, as well as all exterior trim bodies, and among shofferov considered good form to rub them to a shine with a cloth with chalk, just like the best ocean-going ships sailors do not forget to "scrub medyashku. From this rule does not recede and the current owners of luxury cars that have survived from that long since. For now it is a real museum piece, are the subject of their well-deserved pride.

Automobiles Buick brand, produced by the plant, belonging to William Durant, first competed with Ford. They cost still more expensive. But for this difference in price a buyer would receive power supply system for the fuel pump, pump, and served to supply water in the cooling system, as well as the Buick was a full on-board electric system, which included a starter, generator and transformer-rectifier, so the lights in these cars is the light of confidence, not blinking.

Reliable on-board electric system stood at a new model of Chevrolet-490. This numerical index expressing its retail price and implied a direct comparison with the Ford Model T, which cost exactly the same. Ford still offers electric start at an extra charge for the first time felt a strong pressure from competitors. Electrician at General Motors plants conveyors Corporation supplied the company Delco based Charles Kettering, an engineer company Cadillac, founder of electric starter. Instead, Durant, for the second time deposed from office, a corporation headed Alfred P. Sloan, founder of Hewitt, supplied the Detroit bearings.

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