How to illuminate the road? Part 2



  How to illuminate the road? Part 2 In Europe, too, was 1,111,112. Continuous research [/url] . Robert Bosch and Friedrich von Siemens considerable share of income received from the rapidly razvivasheysya automotive industry. Siemens has created a wide range of incandescent lamps of different characteristics. Bosch keep up with competitors - he patented a bulb with two filaments lamps. When entering the village the driver turned the switch, the relay, and electricity to feed the second helix, located outside the focus of the reflector lights. Thus managed to avoid censure by the police for over-bright light, thereby preventing the citizens. It is also possible to avoid the dangerous junction at the counter with blindness, which for a short time, but it deprived the driver's ability to control the situation on the road.

In the heightened pace of urban traffic driver was difficult to drive and at the same time to indicate the direction of motion with his hand. Therefore, as a routine included installed behind the machine plate-pointers, povorachvayuscheesya one side or another, Turndown hands, often with a light bulb to illuminate, round tail lights, equipped with a rotating glass with an arrow pointing in the right direction, finally, small semaforchiki, inoperative hidden sidewall of the truck. By the same standard, these devices have resulted in only after the 2-nd World War.

Headlamps those days cars were large diameter, they gave the look of the car and finish a expressiveness. The lens of lamp often consisted of several segments that could be arranged at an angle relative to each other. It tried to regulate the direction of the light beam to uniformly illuminate the roadway and do not forget about the shoulder. Since rural roads could still catch the stone, lights defended a fine mesh, as the radiator. A typical example - British Alves, Invicta, Lagonda, and their new competitor - SS 100, commonly known as Jaguar.

  How to illuminate the road? Part 2 Block lights this replikara discord with the overall retro-style. For American cars, first-class often stood extra lights. They are joined by a special thrust to the steering and thus "looked" for a turn, serves as an additional safety factor. The main lights were mounted on a powerful cross-bar connecting the front fenders, but the machines brand Pierce Arrow they have since 1915 were installed directly on the wings, giving the characteristic appearance of these luxurious limousines, cabriolets and roadsters. Since the second half of the 30-ies body headlights began to acquire a sleek, the front fulfilled their reduced similarity. Streamlined shape and had special lights installed on the police and ambulances. On the fire engines stood powerful searchlight on the roof of the cab, as a distinctive sign of his glass was red sector on the sides.

Auto Ford and Lincoln Zephyr second half of the 30's boasts a stylish teardrop-shaped lens headlamps, recessed into the front wings. This decision belongs to the son of Henry Ford Edzell and stylist Eugene T. Gregory.

On giving the aerodynamics the car look thought and Andre Sitroen, fitted recessed lights prototype of its Trakson Awan, and Gordon Berig who made the lights rapidly Cord 810 storable in the wings. Paul Yarai specially worked through the form of lighting their prototypes on the chassis Maybach and Horch. Followed these trends and Gustav Pepsi. Even before the war, recessed into the back lights have appeared on the cars of BMW 335, Opel Captain and Admiral, Horch 930, Adler and Shtromform Shtever Arkona.

During the war, think about the aerodynamics and even more about the design was not necessary. Thousands gazovskih "polutorok and zisovskih" trehtonok "went to the front with a headlamp. In England, fought in 1939, to meet the requirements of blackout in the automotive headlamp lens removed, instead of put a metal lid with inner and outer walls, each of which had three slots arranged in a checkerboard pattern with respect to each other. In addition to the headlamps mounted less powerful bulbs. The example was followed by the British and the Soviet Union.

After the war, cars were produced, even in a more simple compared with the pre-war performance. Thus, the Opel Kapitan was simple round headlights instead of the spectacular pre-war, had a hexagonal shape. But the 50-ies of industry, including automobile, there has been growth.

Upgraded versions of British car by keeping the style of the mid 30-ies, were recognized by the corps lamps, made in concert with wings, like MG TF and Jaguar MkV. Racing cars have already had a mandatory body without protruding parts. Headlights were inside the body, which made the slot closed plexiglass. Designer Walter Belgrou found advantageous in terms of technical solution to clean the lights in the back. He left a reflector with a lamp fixed, making the rising lens. These lights were the prototypes Austin Healey Sprite, which appeared in the rally, Patricia Moss, the sister of a famous racing driver Stirling Moss, and the Triumph TR-X. Still, this decision proved costly, and serial Sprite and TR-2 were unusual lights mounted on the bonnet. Sprite even been called Frogeye - «Frog Eyes.

The Americans could not remain aloof from the progress. After all, they are the winning nation, should have gone straight into the shining future! As the embodiment of the designers of the future General Motors provided cars Buick Le Seybr XP-51, got its name in honor of Marine fighter aircraft of the United States. Accordingly, the designers tried to make the car look like this is the fighter. He had a huge tail and keels, and fangs buffer in the form of missile warheads, and the panoramic windscreen, similar to the front of the plane's canopy, and an oval air intake on the nose. In fact, it was not any air intake. If necessary, chrome grille covering the "intake", turned, and in its place turned out lights. Such a solution, even for America was too much, although in general this dream-car (car dreams) defined the style of American cars in the 10-odd years ahead.

Motor vehicles 50-ies are often seen extra lights. They were intended to make the car more visible on the road in poor visibility conditions, for example, in the mountains or in the fog. But beyond that, they have become an element of style. As a rule, they were placed on a more powerful, athletic modifications. For example, the version of the Jaguar MkII motor HC 3,8. In the English machines, for example, Alves TV-21 and Armstrong Siddli Sapphire, optons lights were closer to the decorative grille and lower than the main. This decision is copied Swedish designer Jan Vilsgaard when he created the Volvo-164 - a modification of the prestigious 144-th model.

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