Are there any common roots in the Soviet industrialization and the Swedish car industry?



  Are there any common roots in the Soviet industrialization and the Swedish car industry? Since the end of XIX century, Sweden was world famous for its bearings. She supplied them a huge party, even in the U.S.. Sam Henry Ford bought bearings from Swedes. So when the Soviet Union announced the beginning of industrialization, and it was decided to establish a manufacturing ball bearings that are so necessary in the national economy, the Soviet government sought assistance from it to the Swedish monopoly in the manufacture of ball bearings - a concern SKF, plants which were located in Gothenburg.

Guide SKF sent to Moscow of excellent specialist - a young engineer Assar Gabrielsson. In his project, and under his control was built the famous "ball", or GPP № 1. Assar Gabrielsson arrived in the Soviet Union in late 1922 and in early 1924, left for home, where he received a raise and the opportunity to promote the concern is more or less serious projects.

Around 1925, Mr. Gabrielsson take care to transport problem in Sweden. In the Swedish cities of carriage of the population were carried out mainly by trams, buses were much less, and taxis - very few, and that except in Stockholm and Malmo. Cars are in Sweden were considered a luxury. Cost driven away from Stockholm - and around it were the peasants' carts. At the sound of the engine in the province gathered not only children but also adults. To the north of Sweden, motorists do not climbed at all, because the narrow country roads with deep ruts could not even turn around.

In Sweden, the car did. Beginning in the early centuries of their production company SCANIA and VABIS few years switched to trucks. Few cars in Sweden were American and German manufacture. Some U.S. designs most suitable for the road conditions of Sweden, as were simple and strong.

Gabrielsson appealed to the leadership of SKF allocate land for production of cars. The request was granted. Gabrielsson had available ex warehouse. By 1927 it completed the equipment in its premises product line.

For help in making the necessary production equipment Gabrielsson went to America. There he found many had once come from Sweden Professional or descendants of Swedish immigrants who worked at the American car factories, and persuaded them to repatriate. Among them was a school friend Gabrielsson Gustaf Larson, established in the States not so long ago. Accordingly, the design of future Swedish car was borrowed in America, for example, the machines Hupmobile company Hupp Motors, which lured Gabrielsson and Larson.

Gabrielsson and Larson said meeting and the beginning of next business dinner at one of the best pubs in Stockholm, the decoration of which were magnificent crayfish. The first Wednesday in August - the traditional first day of the fishing crayfish in Sweden, and all major undertakings Swedes are trying to carry the day, because according to popular belief it promises good luck.

At first it was made a few prototypes. The design was developed by Helmer Mas-Olle - in fact a major Swedish portrait painter, but this young man was enthusiastic motorist, drove a rather exotic car - French Voisin, for which alone made the original bodywork. Mas-Olle borrowed the technical decisions of the French company Weymann. Body of its projects have angular, and their nickname Dallakoferten - so called covered with leather trunks, common in the Swedish province of Dalecarlia. Last Mas-Olle unmistakably shows native of this province. In addition, the cars were painted in different colors, so one of them, sea-green, nicknamed "The Mermaid", the other black - "Jacob" in honor of the older factory test.
It Mas Olle invented to strengthen the brand on the radiator using oblique metal strips.

The very symbol resembles the symbol of Mars, in general, as a circle with an arrow is very common in the world - and in the Scandinavian and Celtic, and in the Vedic and Aryan mythology, and everywhere the symbol of iron, the blacksmith's work, courage, and the most menacing elements. For Swedes, it is - the famous hammer of Thor Mellnir.

  Are there any common roots in the Soviet industrialization and the Swedish car industry? "Dalecarlia chest. The first production car, now released, called Volvo

 
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