How to treat cats in ancient times?

  How to treat cats in ancient times? In the words of the celebrated British playwright George Bernard Shaw, "man of culture as much as he is able to understand a cat." This remarkable animal, throughout the life of humanity, had to endure a lot before becoming a regular pet.

According to historians, the cat was domesticated in Ancient Egypt about 5000 years ago. Egypt was the largest agricultural power, and many stocks of grain stored in the barn, it was necessary to protect against invasions of rodents. Fluffy hunters, rat and mice, the Egyptians considered sacred animals. It is no coincidence with the supreme god of the Egyptian Ra was the cat's head, and the goddess of fertility and motherhood Bastet, depicted as a cat.

  How to treat cats in ancient times? The Egyptian goddess Bastet was considered the patroness of motherhood, rich harvest, and of course the animals themselves.
 In the town of Basta was situated the famous temple of cats, which is widely celebrated a spring festival in honor of the goddess and cats. Here is also a special cemetery for these animals. The dead cats mummified priests and, in accordance with the ritual, buried in tombs. Death of pet was a real tragedy for the whole family, and a sign of mourning Egyptians shaved their eyebrows. Later, cats were considered sacred heritage of Egypt and a symbol of the might of Pharaoh, and animals were forbidden to export outside the state.

Living Ancient Greece Not less than the Egyptians interested in preserving the grain, despite the threat of the death penalty, created a special criminal gangs whose main activity of which was the kidnapping of Egyptian cats and cats. But the Egyptians tried to return smuggled animals in all possible ways. However, cats still settled down in Greece, accustomed to the new living conditions.

In China, cat also symbolized motherhood and the keeper of the crop. They believed that if it hangs on the door of the room a young mother cat hair bundle, the baby must be happy.

In Japan master cat could be secured only a very famous man. The contents of the animal required huge expenditures: pet was taken in every possible way to dress up, to feed only from the gold and silver dishes specially prepared food, and even leave him to the personal servant. Rich Japanese took to his house very young kittens that have not yet had time to learn how to hunt, so they do not even know how to catch mice. But ordinary residents of the rising sun believed that the usual picture or statue of animal will help deter rodents.

From the time of the Roman Empire, the cult of the cat has been gradually weakened. By the time the fluffy hunters already have spread across Europe, where the cat could have anyone. In Scotland and UK cat became the embodiment of courage of a warrior. In 940 BC a decree was issued, which in each village was bound to live a cat, a healthy, able to hunt and properly educate kittens. XII century, during the terrible epidemic of plague, spread by black rats from Asia, was the peak of the popularity of the cat family.

However, early 11,111,122. XIII in [/b] . Church was regarded as the personification of evil spirits cats, intermediaries between the sorcerers and the devil. Neither the innocent cats and cats carefully destroyed, were seriously trial of witches and their cats. At this time than ever rampage dangerous diseases that spread by countless rodents.

By the XVIII century. persecution of cats stopped. At that time, scientists are beginning to write the first books on psychology, behavior of these animals. In 1871 the famous felinologist Harrison Weir organized in London the first exhibition of cats.

On Russia cats appeared only at the beginning of XI century. thanks for travelers and sailors. They quickly won the adulation and popularity: long appeared saying "No cats are not a hut." Under current law, theft of large cats are punishable by a fine of several times greater than the penalty for stealing a cow. In our country, the cat was considered an animal, bringing good luck, have composed many of her stories and take. Three-colored cat on the beliefs, brought happiness to their owners, the cat was a seven-hundred-percent guarantee of prosperity, but the encounter with the black cat was considered not very good omen. However, believed that black cat in the house rescues from storm and from thieves. From the behavior of cats predict the weather and coming events in the family: "A cat owner does not pass - to Refresh", "Cat washes - reviews pan", "cat sleeping, hiding his nose - to frost.

Today, the cat - one of the most beloved pets and a symbol of comfort, and many of the ancient signs of her behavior are preserved to this day.