Why do animals need a tail?



  Why do animals need a tail? The tail plays an important role in the lives of animals. It performs mechanical, physiological and communicative functions. Animals use it as a resistance at jumping, sitting, moving, like a rudder when swimming and in flight, as an extra leg when moving through the trees as a way to bring the substance of the other sex.

Among the beasts of the forest most of the protein is adapted to life in the trees. It is well climb the trunks of trees and can do more protracted jumps. Squirrel uses its bushy tail as a parachute. When it jumps from tree to tree, it spreads its tail, which supports it in the air and helps to maintain balance.

Some animals are warmed by the tail in freezing weather. Curled up and covered with a tail like a woolen blanket, a protein with the onset of winter sleep. The length of its tail is almost equal to the length of her body. Just use the tails of foxes, foxes, marten, sable, snow leopards and other animals.

The Fox without a tail disappears, her dog quickly caught. And with a red tail cheat them easily deceived. Lead the tail to the right, but she runs away to the left and leave the chase. The fox uses its tail as a rudder, he helps her to quickly turn.

Beaver, among modern rodents - the largest animal. The length of its body is about one meter. The most characteristic feature - a unique, flat, thick in the middle of the tail. Its length is 25 centimeters. Beaver tail serves him not only as a rudder and an oar, and helps its owner to catch food. When an animal bites a tree, he sits on his hind legs and relies on the tail. Seeing the danger in the form of a beast of prey, beaver tail with a force hits the water - this is an alarm for all the other beavers. They immediately dive under the water and hide.

Scoones often holds its tail upright, it is seen from afar and with the bright coloring of the back serves as a warning to all possible enemies, who are already very well aware of skunk and prefer not to deal with it.

Lemurs prefer large horizontal branches of trees, where the well and move rapidly, driving the tail as a balancer. Sometimes, to frighten the enemy, lemur pushes forward gaze, wide-eyed, and the tail slips between their paws.

Proteins, martens, sables and some monkeys use their tail as a rope. Monkeys are often fastened to a tree with a tail, and in this situation brings food with its front paws to his mouth, hanging upside down, tear off. Having eaten, we could ride on the tail, as on the swing.

Flexible spine, pointed claws, powerful hind legs - is not all you need for a successful cat jumps on its prey. Another essential driving, which carries out the role of the tail. When they brought out a tailless breed of cats, they, as a kind of compensation, has begun to grow hind legs.

The tail is an important tool in the conversation of animals. The dog was frightened, she pursed her tail. But being angry with each man holding the tail "carrot". But if the dog is happy, then she cringes. At a meeting of two dogs: if one of their tails raised high, and moves from side to side, it means that the dog does not want evil, but at the same time feels stronger.

Cat shows his emotions through the tail is not so, like a dog. "Tail" - the cat feels good. When the owner of the tail angry, then she twists them.

Some animals in self-defense can throw his tail. If the enemy's teeth dig into the tail of a lizard, it reduces the muscles and instantly breaks the spine at the site of the bite. Cut off the tail for a long time is his mistress - he can twitch for hours and these distract the predator from the lizard itself. From the torn stump of a tail she soon grow a new one. Sometimes the tail only convulsed, and then grows a new one. Then is the lizard-tailed, or trehhvostaya chetyrehhvostaya.

Such ability to have and some mammals. Chipmunk, who was caught in the teeth to the enemy, the predator leaves the skin-loops for pouch attachments, which slips from his tail. Just makes and wood mouse.

Some animals hoard in the tail of a large supply of fat. For example, lemurs, who live in Madagascar. During the dry season, during sleep, they are using lessons at an opportune time in the tail fat. Jerboa and lizards lay their excess fat at the base of the tail.

A cow and a horse with a tail by flies, mosquitoes and gadflies, just as zebras, and lions in Africa. The crocodile uses its tail for hunting. Its impact can knock down not only the small animal, but also great. Birds use the tail as a rudder or brake. White-tail doe helps her cubs not to lose my mother in the forest.

 
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